盈多多彩票APP

全球燃气发电报告

发布时间: 2020-08-25 10:49:41   来源:中国电力网  作者:庞名立

  RANQIFADIAN(gas power)SHIZHILIYONGTIANRANQICHANSHENGDIANLI。RANSHAOTIANRANQIBASHUIBIANCHENGZHENGQI,ZAIYONGZHENGQITUIDONGQILUNJIDAIDONGFADIANJIYUNZHUANERFADIAN,SHUYUYIBANDEHUOLIFADIAN,QIXIAOLVJIAODI。TIANRANQILIANHEXUNHUANFADIANZESHIJIANGTIANRANQIRANSHAOSHICHANSHENGDEGAOWENYANQI,TUIDONGRANQILUNJI,JINXINGYIJIFADIAN,RANHOUZAILIYONGRANQILUNJIPAICHUDEGAOWENYANQIJIARESHUI,CHANSHENGZHENGQITUIDONGQILUNJI,JINXINGERJIFADIAN。ZHEIJIUSHILIANHEXUNHUANFADIAN,XIAOLVJIAOGAO。

盈多多彩票APP  YOUYURANSHAOTIANRANQIREXIAOLVGAO,PAIFANGDEWURANWUYOUJIAOQITARANLIAOSHAO,YINCITIANRANQIBEIRENWEISHIZUIQINGJIEDEFADIANRANLIAO。MUQIANTIANRANQILIANHEXUNHUANFADIANDEJISHUYIXIANGDANGCHENGSHU。YIJINRUSHANGYEYUNZUO,QIEGUIMOHENDA。

盈多多彩票APP  YINCI,RANQIFADIANZHANKEYIFENWEISANZHONGLEIXING:

  ⑴ JIANDANXUNHUANRANQILUNJI(Simple cycle gas-turbine)

盈多多彩票APP  ZAIJIANDANDEXUNHUANRANQILUNJI(cycle gas-turbine),YECHENGWEIKAISHIXUNHUANRANQILUNJI(open cycle gas-turbine,OCGT)ZHONG,REQIQUDONGRANQILUNJI(gas turbine)FADIAN。ZHEIZHONGLEIXINGDEFADIANCHANGJIANSHECHENGBENXIANGDUIJIAODI,BINGQIEKEYIHENKUAIQIDONG,DANSHIYOUYUXIAOLVJIAODI,ZUOWEIDIAOFENGFADIANCHANGZUIDUOMEITIANZHINENGYUNXINGJIGEXIAOSHI。

  ⑵ LIANHEXUNHUANRANQILUNJI(Combined cycle gas-turbine,CCGT)

  CCGTDIANCHANGYOUSHIYONGBULEIDUNXUNHUAN(Brayton cycle)DEJIANDANXUNHUANRANQILUNJI,RANHOUSHISHIYONGLANGKENXUNHUAN( Rankine cycle)DEREHUISHOUZHENGQIFASHENGQIHEZHENGQILUNJIZUCHENG。ZUICHANGJIANDEPEIZHISHIZHICHENGYITAIZHENGQILUNJIDELIANGTAIRANQILUNJI。TAMENBIJIANDANDEXUNHUANDIANCHANGXIAOLVGENGGAO,XIAOLVKELVEGAOYU60%,DIAODUSHIJIANYUEWEIBANXIAOSHI。

盈多多彩票APP  ⑶ WANGFUSHIFADONGJI(Reciprocating engine)

盈多多彩票APP  WANGFUSHINEIRANJI(Reciprocating internal combustion engines)DEGONGLVTONGCHANGDIYU20MW,BIQITALEIXINGDETIANRANQIFADIANJIXIAODEDUO,TONGCHANGYONGYUYINGJIDIANYUANHUOPINGHENGKEBIANDEKEZAISHENGNENGYUAN,LIRUFENGNENGHETAIYANGNENG。

盈多多彩票APP  RANQILUNJICONG 20 SHIJI50 NIANDAIDENGSHANGFADIANGONGYEWUTAIYILAI,QIFADIANXIAOLVHEREXIAOLVDOUYOUHENDATIGAO,TEBIESHIRANQI—ZHENGQILIANHEXUNHUANJIZURIJIANCHENGSHU,RANQILUNJIDEDANJIGONGLVYICHAOGUO334MW,REXIAOLVYIDA35%~41.92%,ERLIANHEXUNHUANJIZUDEDANJIGONGLVYIDA489.3MW,REXIAOLVYICHAOGUO60%,WEIRANQIFADIANZAIDIANLIXITONGZHONGDIWEIDETIGAOTIGONGLEJISHUZHICHENG。

盈多多彩票APP  FADIANXIAOLV(ZHIYUANDONGJISHUCHUNENGYUANYUSHURUNENGYUANDEBIZHI,YONGBAIFENSHUBIAOSHI。)YINFADIANFANGSHIBUTONGERGEYOUCHAYI。YIBANDEHUOLIFADIANXIAOLVZHIYOU30%ZUOYOU,REDIANLIANCHANKEDA65%~70%,ERLENGREDIANSANLIANCHANKEDA80%YISHANG。


发电效率图示

  RANQILUNJILIANHEXUNHUAN(Combined-Cycle Gas Turbine,CCGT)ZHIJIANGCHUANTONGDERANQILUNJIHEZHENGQILUNJIJINXINGYOUXIAOLIANHEDEFADIANXITONG。QIJIBENYUANLISHISHOUXIANYONGTIANRANQIRANSHAOHOUCHANSHENGDEGAOWENQITI,TUIDONGRANQILUNJIZUOGONG,RANQILUNJIDAIDONGTONGZHOUFADIANJIJINXINGDIYIJIFADIAN;RANHOUJIANGRANQILUNJIPAICHUDE、RENGJUYOUXIANGDANGGAOWENDUDERANSHAOQITISONGRUYUREZHENGQIFASHENGQI,CHANSHENGDEGAOWENGAOYAZHENGQIQUDONGZHENGQILUNJIJINXINGDIERJIFADIAN。


燃气轮机—蒸汽轮机联合循环发电流程图

  RANQILUNJILIANHEXUNHUANFADIAN(CCGT)TONGGUOZUHERANQIHEZHENGQIXUNHUAN,KEYISHIXIANGAOSHURUWENDUHEDISHUCHUWENDU。XUNHUANDEXIAOLVZENGJIALE,YINWEITAMENYOUXIANGTONGDERANLIAOYUANTIGONGDONGLI。YINCI,LIANHEXUNHUANDIANCHANGDERELIXUNHUANZAIRANQILUNJIDEGAORANSHAOWENDUHEZHENGQIXUNHUANLENGNINGQIDEFEIREWENDUZHIJIANYUNXING。ZHEIGEDAFANWEIYIWEIZHEXUNHUANDEKANUOXIAOLVGAO。SHIJIXIAOLVSUIRANDIYUKANUOXIAOLV,DANRENGRANGAOYURENHEYIJIAGONGCHANGDESHIJIXIAOLV。

  RUGUOJIANGLIANHEXUNHUANFADIANZHANDEDIANXIAOLVJISUANWEISUOCHANSHENGDEDIANNENGZHANSUOXIAOHAORANLIAODEJIAODIREZHIDEBAIFENBI,ZEZAILIXIANGZHUANGTAIXIAJINXINGXINYUNZHUAN(JIBULAOHUA)BINGLIANXUSHUCHUSHI,QIDIANXIAOLVKEYICHAOGUO60%。YUDANXUNHUANREDANYUANYIYANG,LIANHEXUNHUANDANYUANYEKEYIWEIGONGYEGUOCHENG,QUYUGONGREHEQITAYONGTUTIGONGDIWENRENENG。ZHEICHENGWEIREDIANLIANCHAN,ZHEIZHONGFADIANCHANGTONGCHANGCHENGWEIREDIANLIANCHAN(CHP)FADIANCHANG。

盈多多彩票APP  TONGCHANG,ZAIJIAODIDEREZHIHEZONGCHANCHUDEJICHUSHANG,FUWUDELIANHEXUNHUANXIAOLVCHAOGUO50%。DADUOSHULIANHEXUNHUANJIZU,TEBIESHIDAXINGJIZU,ZAILHVDEJICHUSHANGJUYOU55%ZHI59%DEFENGZHIWENTAIXIAOLV。

  RANQILUNJILIANHEXUNHUANFADIANXIAOLV(CCGT Generating Efficiency)CAIYONGLIANHEXUNHUANFADIANCHONGFENLIYONGLETIANRANQIDEGAOWENWEINENGLIANG,CONGERTIGAOLETIANRANQIDELIYONGXIAOLV,ZENGJIALEDIANLISHUCHU。FADIANXIAOLVTIGAOQINGKUANGJIANXIABIAO。

发电效率(%)

  LIYONGLIANHEXUNHUANFADIANJIANGDILERANMEIFADIANBILI,BINGJIANSHAOHUANJINGWURAN。ZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAI:

  ⑴ JINGJIXIAOYI LIANHEXUNHUANFADIANDEDANWEIZHUANGJIRONGLIANGTOUZISHAO,GUOJISHANGYUEWEIRANMEIDIANCHANGTOUZIDE2/3;RANQIDIANCHANGJIANSHEGONGQIDUAN,RANQI—ZHENGQILIANHEXUNHUANJIZUSHEBEIZHONGLIANGQING,SHIGONGKUAI,YIBAN12~20GEYUEJIKETOUCHAN。

盈多多彩票APP  ⑵ RANQILUNJIKEYIMOKUAIHUASHENGCHAN,YIYUZUZHUANG,ANZHUANGZAIXUYAODIANLIDEDIFANG,KESHENGQUZHANGSHUGAOYASHUDIANXIANLU;

盈多多彩票APP  ⑶ TIANRANQILIANHEXUNHUANFADIANDELENGQUESHUIYONGLIANGJINWEIRANMEIFADIANCHANGDE40%,ZHANDISHAO;

  ⑷ TIANRANQILIANHEXUNHUANFADIANXIAOLVKEDA55~60%,ERRANMEIFADIANCHANGZHIYOU42~44%;

  ⑸ KUOJIANZHUANGZHIBUXUYAOYINHUANBAOERZHUIJIAXINDETOUZI;

盈多多彩票APP  ⑹ TONGRANMEIFADIANCHANGXIANGBI,WURANWUDEPAIFANGLIANGDI。

全球一次能源发电状况

  QUANQIUYICINENGYUANFADIANYIZHIYIRANMEIFADIANWEIZHU,QIYUANYINSHICHENGBENJIAGEDILIAN,YUANYOUJIQICHANPINXIANRANYONGCHUGUANGFAN,RANYOUFADIANYIZHIBIRANMEIFADIANHERANQIFADIANDI,ERQIECHENGJIANGDIQUSHI。RANQIFADIANQUECHENGXIANSHANGSHENGSHITAI。

2016—2019年一次能源发电(单位:TWh )

全球燃气发电最多的洲

盈多多彩票APP  QUANQIURANQIFADIANZUIDUODEDIQUSHIBEIMEIZHOU,2019NIANZHANQUANQIURANQIFADIANZONGLIANG1975.8/6297.9=31.4%,XIANRANYOUYUMEIGUOYEYANQIKAIFACHENGGONGZUSHIRANQIFADIANDEFAZHAN;QICIWEIYATAIDIQU。

全球燃气发电最多的洲(单位:TWh)

燃气发电最大的国家

  YOUYUMEIGUOYEYANQIKAIFACHENGGONG,RANQIFADIANYIJINGCHAOGUOELUOSIJUSHIJIEDIYI,ZHONGGUOJINGUANRANQIFADIANQIBUWANDANYIJINGYUERUSHIJIEDISIWEI。

2016~2019年前14位燃气发电最大的国家(单位:TWh)

世界上最大的燃气发电站

盈多多彩票APP  RANQIFADIANLIANGZUIDUODEGUOJIASHIMEIGUO、QICISHIELUOSI,DANSHIRANQIFADIANZHANZUIDUODESHIRIBEN,RIBENZAOZAI20SHIJI70NIANDAIJIUKAISHILIYONGJINKOUDEYEHUATIANRANQI(LNG)FADIAN。

全球十三大燃气电站

中国燃气发电站

  ZHONGGUOZHUYAOYIRANMEIFADIANWEIZHU,YICIRANQIFADIANDEFENEBUGAO,DANSHIJINZHANBIJIAOKUAI。

中国燃气发电站

  DANWEIHUANSUAN:

  1ZHAOWA=1MW 1YIQIANWA=0.1TWh

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      关键词: 燃气发电
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