盈多多彩票APP

我国水电行业面临问题和后续开发方针的思考

发布时间: 2020-08-21 10:53:47   来源:中咨研究  作者:徐佳成

  摘 要:我国水力资源得天独厚,但开发利用程度并不高,水电行业后续发展动力不足。本文阐述并分析了我国水力资源开发现状、常规水电“十三五”规划目标和典型问题,从物理基础、功能定位、效益发挥和解决问题四个角度提出了“联合、滚动、综合”的后续水电开发方针,并从理论经验、发展需要、资金支持三方面对组建西南水电联合开发体进行了可行性分析。

  关键词:盈多多彩票APP常规水电;发展现状;管理体制;开发方针;联合开发

盈多多彩票APP  XIANGBIYURUISHI、FAGUO、MEIGUO、RIBENDENGFADAGUOJIA,WOGUOSHUILIZIYUANKAIFALIYONGCHENGDUBINGBUGAO,DAN“SHISANWU”QIJIANWOGUOSHUIDIANDEFAZHANCHUXIANLEJIANSHECHENGBENQUGAO、ZIYUANLANGFEIYANZHONG、KAIFAQUANWUXUZHENGDUO,YIJIJIANSHEYUNXINGGUANLITIZHIBUCHANGDENGXIANXIANG,SHUIDIANXINGYENEISHENGFAZHANDONGLIBUZU。“JIUWU”QIJIAN,GUOWUYUANTICHUDE“LIUYU、TIJI、GUNDONG、ZONGHE”DEKAIFAFANGZHENJIDADICUJINLEWOGUOSHUIDIANXINGYEDEFAZHAN。DANGQIANSHUIDIANDEFAZHANXINGSHIYU“JIUWU”QIJIANPOYOUXIANGSIZHICHU。LIZUDANGXIA,ZAIGENGDAKONGJIANGEJUSHANGTANSUOWOGUOSHUIDIANFAZHANSILU,BENWENTICHULE“LIANHE、GUNDONG、ZONGHE”DEHOUXUSHUIDIANKAIFAFANGZHEN,YIQIJIEJUESHUIDIANXINGYEFAZHANDONGLIBUZUDEWENTI。

  一、我国水电开发现状

  WOGUOCHANGGUISHUIDIANJISHUKEKAIFAZHUANGJIRONGLIANGDA6.87YIQIANWA【1】。JIEZHI2019NIANDI,WOGUOCHANGGUISHUIDIANZHUANGJIRONGLIANG3.56YIQIANWA,ZHANQUANGUOFADIANZHUANGJIRONGLIANGDE18%,ZHANKEZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANZHUANGJIDE47%;SHUIDIANFADIANLIANG13019YIQIANWASHI,ZHANQUANSHEHUIFADIANLIANGDE18%,ZHANKEZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANLIANGDE67%【2】。2000—2019NIANWOGUOSHUIDIANZHUANGJICONG0.8YIQIANWAFAZHANDAO3.56YIQIANWA,JISHUKEKAIFACHENGDUCONG15%TIGAODAO52%。

盈多多彩票APP  DIYUFENBUSHANG,XIZANG、SICHUAN、YUNNANSANSHENGQUJISHUKEKAIFALIANGZHANQUANGUODE64%。ZHEISANSHENGQUYIJIANSHUIDIANGUIMOYUEZHANQIJISHUKEKAIFALIANGDE36%,DANXIZANGZIZHIQUJINWEIBENQUDE1.1%。

图1 中国水力资源分区开发比例【3】

  LIUYUFENBUSHANG,ZHANGJIANGSHANGYOU、JINSHAJIANG、YALONGJIANG、DADUHE、WUJIANG、LANCANGJIANG、HUANGHESHANGYOU、NUJIANG、NANPANJIANGHONGSHUIHEHEYALUZANGBUJIANGSHIDASHUIDIANJIDIGUIHUAZONGZHUANGJIRONGLIANGYUE3.9YIQIANWA,ZHANQUANGUOJISHUKEKAIFAZHUANGJIRONGLIANGDE57%。JIEZHI2019NIANDI,ZHEISHIDASHUIDIANJIDIYIJIANZHUANGJIRONGLIANGYUE1.5YIQIANWA,QIZHONGZHANGJIANGSHANGYOU、JINSHAJIANG、DADUHE、WUJIANGHENANPANJIANGHONGSHUIHEKAIFACHENGDUDA80%YISHANG;LANCANGJIANG、HUANGHESHANGYOUHEYALONGJIANGKAIFADUZAI70%ZUOYOU,SHANGYOUYIDINGDEKAIFACUNLIANG;NUJIANGKAIFADUWEI0;YALUZANGBUJIANGJINYOU2.2%DEKAIFADU。WOGUOSHUIDIANJUBEIDAGUIMOTIJIKAIFATIAOJIANDEJINSHENGJINSHAJIANGSHANGYOU、LANCANGJIANGSHANGYOU、YALUZANGBUJIANGGANZHILIUDENGXIZANGZIZHIQUHELIU,ZONGGUIMOYUEWEI1.5YIQIANWA,XIZANGZIZHIQUJIANGCHENGWEIWOGUOSHUIDIANKAIFADEZHUZHANCHANG。

图2 十大流域分布【4】

  二、水电“十三五”规划目标完成情况

  《SHUIDIANFAZHAN“SHISANWU”GUIHUA》TICHULE3GE6000WANDEMUBIAO:XINZENGTOUCHANSHUIDIAN6000WANQIANWA(CHANGGUISHUIDIAN4349WANQIANWA、CHOUSHUIXUNENG1697WANQIANWA)、XINKAIGONGCHANGGUISHUIDIANHECHOUSHUIXUNENGDIANZHANGE6000WANQIANWA。

  GENJUGUOJIANENGYUANJUWEITUOZHONGGUOGUOJIGONGCHENGZIXUNYOUXIANGONGSI(JIANCHENGZHONGZIGONGSI)KAIZHANDESHUIDIANFAZHAN“SHISANWU”GUIHUASHISHIQINGKUANGZHONGQIPINGGUCHENGGUO【5】:“SHISANWU”QIANBANDUAN,CHANGGUISHUIDIANXINZENGTOUCHANMUBIAOWANCHENGLV41.3%,XINKAIGONGGUIMOMUBIAOWANCHENGLV47.3%。

  2018NIANZHONGYILAI,CHANGGUISHUIDIANXINZENGTOUCHANHEKAIGONGXIANGMUDAFUJIANSHAO,XINZENGTOUCHANDEDAZHONGXINGCHANGGUISHUIDIANZHUYAOYOULANCANGJIANGZHONGYOUZONGGUIMOYUE380WANQIANWADE5GEDIANZHAN、JINSHAJIANGWUDONGDESHUIDIANZHANTOUCHAN340WANQIANWA;YIKAIGONGXIANGMUJINYOUJINSHAJIANGLAWA、YALONGJIANGKALA、LANCANGJIANGTUOBA、DADUHEJINCHUANHECHUOSIJIA5GESHUIDIANZHAN,ZONGGUIMOYUE570WANQIANWA。SHOUXINGUANYIQINGDEYINGXIANG,JIHUAYU2020HOUBANNIANKAIGONGDEJIGEXIANGMUBIANDEGENGJIABUQUEDING。JISHIANLEGUANYUCE,“SHISANWU”CHANGGUISHUIDIANXINKAIGONGGUIMOZAI4000WANQIANWAZUOYOU,JINWEIGUIHUAMUBIAODE66.7%;XINZENGTOUCHAN3366WANQIANWA,JINWEIGUIHUAMUBIAODE77.4%。

金沙江乌东德水电站

盈多多彩票APP  SHUIDIAN“SHISANWU”GUIHUATOUCHANHEKAIGONGGUIMOMUBIAOWANCHENGLVDOUPIANDI,JIAOXIAODEXINKAIGONGGUIMOJIANGHUIYINGXIANGDAO“SHISIWU”HE“SHIWUWU”QIJIANDETOUCHANGUIMO,WOGUOSHUIDIANDEFAZHANCHUXIANDONGLIBUZU。

  三、存在问题和市场竞争力分析

  (YI)CUNZAIWENTI

盈多多彩票APP  WOGUOSHUIDIANJISHUKEKAIFACHENGDUYIGAOYUQUANQIUPINGJUNYUE28%DESHUIPING,DANXIANGBIYUDEGUO、RIBEN、MEIGUOCHAOGUO67%,YIJIRUISHI、FAGUOHEYIDALICHAOGUO80%DEKAIFACHENGDU,WOGUOZAIXUEXIZHEIXIEFADAGUOJIACHONGFENGAOXIAOLIYONGSHUILIZIYUANDEDAOLUSHANGYIJIUYOUHENDADEFAZHANKONGJIAN,POQIEDEXUYAOJIEJUECONGGONGCHENGJIANSHEDAOGUANLITIZHIDENGDUOFANGMIANDEWENTI。

  1.GONGCHENGTOUZICHENGBENQUGAO

盈多多彩票APP  SHAIXUANWOGUO2000NIANYILAIKAIGONGJIANSHEFUHEDIAOJIEKURONG≥50YILIFANGMI;DIAOJIEXINGNENG≥NIANDIAOJIE;ZHUANGJIGUIMO≥100WANQIANWASANGETIAOJIANDESHUIDIANZHAN,GONGCHENGTOUZIQINGKUANGJIANBIAO1。

表1 工程投资比较

  SHUZILAIYUAN:QUZIZHONGZIGONGSIDUIXIANGGUANXIANGMUDEHEZHUNPINGGUBAOGAO。

  CONGSHANGBIAO7GEDAXINGSHUIDIANZHANDANWEIQIANWAZHUANGJITOUZIQINGKUANGLAIKAN,JIBENQUSHISHIZHUNIANPANSHENG,JIN15NIANSHIJIANZENGZHANGLE1BEI,TONGWEINIANDIAOJIESHUIKUDIANZHANDELIANGHEKOUJIAOLONGTANZENGZHANGLE3.76BEI。BAIHETANSHUIDIANZHANZHANZHIZIYUANTIAOJIANHAO,LIULIANG、KURONG、ZHUANGJIGUIMOYUANDAYULIANGHEKOUSHUIDIANZHAN,GUDANWEIQIANWAZHUANGJITOUZIXIANGDUIJIAODI。

盈多多彩票APP  SHUIDIANZHANJIANSHETOUZIBAOHANLIANGBUFEN:YISHIGONGCHENGBENSHENZAOJIA,ERSHIWAIBUCHENGBEN。

  GONGCHENGBENSHENFANGMIAN,ZHULIUGUANDIANRENWEIWOGUOSHUIDIANYUWANGHELIUSHANGYOUHEZANGQUKAIFA,SHIGONGTIAOJIANYUELAIYUECHA,JIANZAOJISHUNANDUYUELAIYUEDA,JIANSHECHENGBENZENGJIALISUODANGRAN。DANSUIZHEXIBUDAKAIFAHETUOPINZHIFUZHANLVEDESHISHI,ZHEIXIEDIQUDEJIAOTONG、GONGNENGDENGJICHUSHESHIDEDAOLECHIXUGAISHAN,RIXINYUEYIJINBUDEGONGCHENGJIANSHEJISHUYENENGGOUJIDAJIANGDIJIANZAOCHENGBEN。YINCI,WOGUOSHUIDIANGONGCHENGBENSHENZAOJIADEBUDUANPANSHENGBUNENGWANQUANGUIYINYUSHIGONGTIAOJIANHEJISHUNANDU,FUDANDESHEHUICHENGBENJIAOZHONG、ZIYUANLANGFEIYANZHONGHEJIANSHEYUNXINGGUANLITIZHIBUHELIDENGSHIZHONGYAOYINGXIANGYINSU。WAIBUCHENGBENZHUYAOSHISHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUHEJIANSHEZHENGDIYIMINBANQIAN。SUIZHEHUANBAOYISHIDEZENGQIANG,WOGUOZENGQIANGLESHUIDIANZHANJIANSHEJIYUNXINGZHONGDEHUANBAOCUOSHI,BAOKUODUIZHENXIZHIWUYIZAI、JIYUGUOBASHESHI、YULEIZENGZHIZHAN、HEDAOJINGGUANXIUFU、XIAXIESHENGTAILIULIANGDENG,DANHUANBAOCHENGBENJIBENNENGKONGZHIZAIZONGTOUZIDE5%YINEI;JIANSHEZHENGDIYIMINBANQIANZONGTIBIAOZHUNBUDUANTIGAO,DANGEDIANZHANCHAYIBIJIAODA,CUNZAIZHEDIFANGZHENGFUBUMENDAZHEGAISHANJICHUSHESHI、JIEJUEYIMINJIUYE、FUPINGONGJIANDEKOUHAO“CHIDAHU”DEXIANXIANG,FANYINGLEJIANSHEZHENGDIYIMINBANQIANXIANGGUANFALVFAGUI,YIJIGUICHENGGUIFANJIANSHEBUDAOWEI、GUANLITIZHIHAIBUGOUWANSHAN。

  2.ZIYUANLANGFEIXIANXIANGYANZHONG

  SHUIDIANZHANQISHUIXIANXIANGZHUYAOFASHENGZAISICHUANHEYUNNANLIANGSHENG,ZHANQUANGUODE95%YISHANG,CONG2011NIANZHI2016NIANYUEFAYANZHONG。ZI《JIEJUEQISHUIQIFENGQIGUANGWENTISHISHIFANGAN》《QINGJIENENGYUANXIAONAXINGDONGJIHUA(2018-2020NIAN)》SHISHIYILAI,QISHUIXIANXIANGYOUSUOHAOZHUAN,2018NIANYUNNANQISHUITONGBIJIANSHAOYUE40%,DANSICHUANYIRANYANJUN,DADUHEQISHUILVGAODA50%【1】。

  SONGCHUSHOUZUSHISICHUANHEYUNNANLIANGSHENGFASHENGQISHUIDEZHUYAOYUANYIN,GUIGENYUWOGUOXIDIANDONGSONGZHANLVESHISHISHOUZU,DIANXINGFANYINGZAI“DIANDUIWANG”HE“WANGDUIWANG”SONGDIANFANGSHIZHIZHENG。

盈多多彩票APP  “XIDIANDONGSONG”GONGCHENGZI2000NIANZHENGSHIQIDONGYILAIYIJINSANSHINIAN,GAIGONGCHENGFENWEIBEI、ZHONG、NANSANXIAN,QIZHONGDEZHONGXIANHENANXIANZHUSONGSICHUAN、YUNNAN、GUIZHOUHEGUANGXIDESHUIDIAN,XIZANGSHUIDIANZAIXIDIANDONGSONGZHONGDEDINGWEIWEIYISHANG4SHENGQUDEJIEXUJIDI。YITOUYUNDEXIANGJIABAZHISHANGHAI、XILUODUZHIZHEXIHEGUANGDONG、JINPINGZHISUNANDENGJITIAOTONGDAOCAIQUDESHIJIANGXIANGJIABA、XILUODUHEJINPINGDENGDAXINGSHUIDIANZHANGUGANDIANYUANDIANFADIANZHISONGXIAONADUANDIANWANG,JI“DIANDUIWANG”DEMOSHI。JINNIANSUIZHEYUNNANHESICHUANJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANDUIDIANLIXUQIUDEBUDUANTISHENG,BUFENDIQUTICHULEWAISONGSHUIDIANXIANSHANGBENSHENGSHENGWANG,ZAITONGCHOUWAISONGDE“WANGDUIWANG”DEMOSHI。DANSHUIDIANKAIFAQIYERENWEI“WANGDUIWANG”DEMOSHIYANZHONGGANYUDIANLISHICHANGZIYOUJIAOYI。SONGDIANFANGSHIZHIZHENGDAOZHIWAISONGTONGDAOJIANSHEYANZHONGLUOHOU,ZHENGZAIHEJIANGZHUBUTOUCHANDEWUDONGDESHUIDIANZHAN、BAIHETANSHUIDIANZHAN、JINSHAJIANGSHANGYOUDIANZHAN、YALONGJIANGZHONGYOUDIANZHANDENGDIANYUANDIANJIJIANGMIANLINZHETOUCHANJIUQISHUIDEFENGXIAN。

盈多多彩票APP  “DIANDUIWANG”YU“WANGDUIWANG”LIANGZHONGFANGSHIZAIDIANWANGWULILIANJIESHANGJIBENXIANGTONG,ZHUYAOCHAYISHIDIANJIAJIESUANMOSHIHEDIAODUFANGSHIDEBUTONG。LIANGZHONGFANGSHIZHIZHENGDEBENZHISHIFADIANQIYEHEDIFANGZHENGFUZHUDONGQUANHELIYIFENPEIDEZHENGDUO,FANYINGLEJIANZHENGFANGQUANBEIJINGXIAXIDIANDONGSONGZHANLVEDESHISHIQUEFALIANGUANXINGHEYANSUXING,JIDAIXIANGGUANGUANLIGUICHENGGUIFANDEJIANLI。

盈多多彩票APP  3.KAIFAQUANZHENGDUOWUXUJINGZHENG

盈多多彩票APP  WOGUODAZHONGXINGSHUIDIANZHANDEKAIFAJINGYINGZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIZHONGGUOZHANGJIANGSANXIAJITUANGONGSI(JIANCHENGSANXIAJITUAN)、ZHONGGUOHUANENGJITUANGONGSI、ZHONGGUOHUADIANJITUANGONGSI、GUOJIANENGYUANTOUZIJITUANYOUXIANZERENGONGSI、GUOJIADIANLITOUZIJITUANGONGSI、GUOJIAKAIFATOUZIJITUANYOUXIANGONGSIZHEILIUDAGONGSIJIQIKONGGUDEZIGONGSI。SUIZHESHUIDIANKAIFAZIYUANDEJIANSHAO,ZHEILIUDAGONGSIJUNMIANLINZHEHOUXUCHUBEIKAIFAZIYUANBUZUDEWENTI,DUISHENGYUSHUIDIANZIYUANKAIFAQUANDEJINGZHENGRIYIJILIE,SANXIAJITUAN、ZHONGGUOHUANENGJITUANGONGSIHEZHONGGUOHUADIANJITUANGONGSIXIANYIZAIXIZANGSHUIDIANKAIFAQUANSHANGJINGZHENGJILIE。KAIFAQUANDEZHENGDUOYIFANGMIANDAOZHISHUIDIANKAIFAQIYENANYIGONGTONGFASHENG,CUNZAIDEWENTIRIJIYUELEINANYIJIEJUE;LINGYIFANGMIANWUXUJINGZHENGDAOZHIKAIFACHENGBENJIJUZENGJIA,WUCHANGCHENGDANDEBUHELIDEWAIBUSHEHUICHENGBENYUELAIYUEDUO,DANGQIANZAIJIANDEMOUSHUIDIANZHANJIUCUNZAIXIANGDIANZHANSUOZAILIANGSHENGGEBOFUSHUYI10YIJIJUANZENGDEQINGKUANG。

盈多多彩票APP  4.JIANSHEYUNXINGGUANLITIZHIBUHELI

盈多多彩票APP  WOGUODESHUIDIANJIANSHETIZHIGAIGESHIYU1984NIANLUBUGESHUIDIANZHANGONGCHENGYINSHUISUIDONGGUOJIZHAOBIAO。CIHOUJIBENSUOYOUDESHUIDIANXIANGMUDOUCAIYONGYEZHUZERENZHI、JIANSHEJIANLIZHIHEZHAOBIAOCHENGBAOZHI【6】。SHUIDIANKAIFAQIYEJIBENSHANGCAIYONGSHICHANGHUASHOUDUANJINXINGXIANGMUGUANLI,DANZAISHEJI、JISHUSHENCHA、SHIGONG、YANSHOU、YUNXINGJIANGUANDENGHUANJIEQUECUNZAIZHEYANZHONGDETIZHIGAIGEBUCHONGFEN、SHICHANGJIZHIJIANSHEBUDAOWEIDEXIANXIANG。

  (1)SHEJIHUANJIE

  WOGUOQUYUXINGSHUIDIANSHEJIDANWEIGONGYOU9JIA,JIBENCHENGBAOLEWOGUOSUOYOUYIZAIJIANHEZHENGZAIKAIZHANQIANQIGONGZUODEDAZHONGXINGSHUIDIANXIANGMUDESHEJIGONGZUO,ZHONGGUODIANJIANJITUANBEIJING、HUADONG、XIBEI、ZHONGNAN、CHENGDOU、GUIYANGHEKUNMINGKANCESHEJIYANJIUYUANYOUXIANGONGSI7JIAWEIZHONGGUODIANLIJIANSHEJITUANYOUXIANGONGSIDEQUANZIZIQIYE;LINGWAILIANGJIAWEIZHANGJIANGSHUILIWEIYUANHUIZHANGJIANGKANCEGUIHUASHEJIYANJIUYUANHEZHONGSHUIDONGBEIKANCESHEJIYANJIUYOUXIANZERENGONGSI,LISHUYUSHUILIBU,CANYUSHUIDIANXIANGMUSHULIANGYOUXIAN,YISHUILIXIANGMUSHEJIWEIZHU。

  (2)JISHUSHENCHAHUANJIE

盈多多彩票APP  DAZHONGXINGSHUIDIANZHANCONGGUIHUAZHIZHIKEXINGXINGYANJIUJIEDUANDEJISHUSHENCHA,BAOKUOJIANSHEZHENGDIYIMINANZHIGUIHUABAOGAODENGZHUANTISHENCHA,JIBENSHANGYOUSHUIDIANSHUILIGUIHUASHEJIZONGYUAN(JIANCHENGSHUIDIANZONGYUAN)KAIZHAN。SHUIDIANZONGYUANLISHUZHONGGUODIANLIJIANSHEJITUANYOUXIANGONGSI。

  (3)SHIGONGHUANJIE

  DAZHONGXINGSHUIDIANZHANDESHIGONGDANWEIZHUYAOYOULIANGJIA:ZHONGGUODIANLIJIANSHEJITUANYOUXIANGONGSIHEZHONGGUONENGYUANJIANSHEJITUANYOUXIANGONGSIXIASHUDEZHONGGUOGEZHOUBAJITUANYOUXIANGONGSI。

  (4)YANSHOUHUANJIE

盈多多彩票APP  DAZHONGXINGSHUIDIANZHANZHUYAOYOUSHUIDIANZONGYUANKAIZHANANQUANSHESHIJUNGONGYANSHOU。

  (5)ZHILIANGJIANDUHUANJIE

盈多多彩票APP  SHUIDIANGONGCHENGZHILIANGJIANDUZONGZHANSHIDUISHUIDIANGONGCHENGSHITIZHILIANGHEGONGCHENGJIANSHE、KANCHA、SHEJI、SHIGONG、JIANLIDANWEIHEZHILIANGJIANCEDENGDANWEIDEGONGCHENGZHILIANGXINGWEISHISHIJIANDUDEZHIXINGDANWEI。GAIZHANWEIGUOJIANENGYUANJUWEITUOSHUIDIANZONGYUANSHELIDESHUIDIANXINGYEZHILIANGJIANGUANJIGOU。

  KEJIAN,WOGUODAZHONGXINGSHUIDIANGONGCHENGXIANGMUCONGSHEJIDAOJIANGUANYEWUZAIZHONGGUODIANLIJIANSHEJITUANYOUXIANGONGSIDEJIZHONGDUJIGAO。SHUIDIANKAIFAQIYEZAIZHEIXIEHUANJIESHIXINGZHAOTOUBIAODEGUOCHENGZHONG,DABUFENSHIZHONGGUODIANLIJIANSHEJITUANYOUXIANGONGSIHEZHONGGUONENGYUANJIANSHEJITUANYOUXIANGONGSINEIBUZIGONGSIZAIJINGBIAO,YEZHUDANWEIDEXUANZEQUANHEHUAYUQUANHENXIAO,YUESHULIHENRUO,ZHAOTOUBIAOZAIJIANGDICHENGBEN、YOUHUASHEJI、TIGAOGUANLISHUIPINGSHANGDEZUOYONGDADAZHEKOU。DANGQIANJIANSHEYUNXINGGUANLITIZHIXIADEWOGUOSHUIDIANSUIRANQUDELEBUCUODECHENGJI,DANZAISHEJIYOUHUA、SHIGONGGONGYIJINBUDETOURUCHANCHUBISHANGYAODAGEWENHAO,JIEJIEPANSHENGDEGONGCHENGTOUZICHENGBENYUCIYOUHENDADEGUANXI。

盈多多彩票APP  WOGUOSHUIDIANYAOSHIXIANGAOXIAOLV、GAOZHILIANGFAZHAN,DUIZHEIZHONGYUNDONGYUANYESHICAIPANDEWEIFANGONGCHENGJIANSHEJIBENGUILVDEGUANLITIZHIGAIGESHIZAIBIXING。

  (ER)SHICHANGJINGZHENGLI

盈多多彩票APP  GONGCHENGTOUZICHENGBENQUGAOHEZIYUANLANGFEI,JIAZHIWUXUJINGZHENG,ZAIJIANSHEYUNXINGGUANLITIZHIBUHELIDECUIHUAXIA,WOGUOSHUIDIANSHICHANGJINGZHENGLIYANZHONGXIAHUA。

  GENJU《ZENGQIANGSHUIDIANSHICHANGJINGZHENGLICUJINHOUXUSHUIDIANKECHIXUFAZHANZHENGCECUOSHIYANJIU》【4】DEYANJIUCHENGGUO,DUIJINSHAJIANG、LANCANGJIANG、HUANGHESHANGYOU、YALONGJIANG、DADUHE、YALUZANGBUJIANGLIUDALIUYU“SHISIWU”HE“SHIWUWU”QIJIANJUBEIKAIFATIAOJIANDE65GEDAZHONGXINGSHUIDIANXIANGMU(ZONGZHUANGJIGUIMOYUE9000WANQIANWA)SHICHANGJINGZHENGLIFENXI,ZHEI65GEXIANGMUPINGJUNDANWEIQIANWATOUZIYUE12000YUAN/QIANWA,ZAIXIANXINGCAISHUIJINRONGZHENGCETIAOJIANXIA,JISHIXIANGMUZIBENJINCAIWUNEIBUSHOUYILVAN6%JI,ZHEI65GEXIANGMULUODIDIANJIAYUXIAONADUANRANMEIHUODIANBIAOGANDIANJIAXIANGBI,QIZHONG74%GONGJI48GESHUIDIANXIANGMUBUJUBEISHICHANGJINGZHENGLI。

澜沧江中下游小湾水电站

盈多多彩票APP  WEICUJINHOUXUSHUIDIANKECHIXUFAZHAN,NENGGOUJIXUFAHUISHUIDIANXIANGMUZAIJINGJI、SHEHUI、HUANJING、GUOFANGDENGFANGMIANDEZONGHEXIAOYI,JIYUKAIFAZIJINSHANGDEBAOZHANGZHICHISHIBIYAODE。

  四、后续水电开发方针

  (YI)HOUXUSHUIDIANKAIFADEBIYAOXING

  WOGUOSHUILIZIYUANJUSHIJIESHOUWEI,ZAILUOSHICHUANGXIN、XIEDIAO、LVSE、KAIFA、GONGXIANGFAZHANLINIANDEJICHUSHANGJIJIWENTUOFAZHANSHUIDIANDUITUIJINWOGUONENGYUANSHENGCHANHEXIAOFEIGEMING、GOUJIANQINGJIEDITAN、ANQUANGAOXIAODENENGYUANTIXISHIYIDABAOZHANG。

  WOGUOSHUIDIANDEZHUYAOSHOUYILAIYUANSHIFADIANXIAOSHOU,YUHUODIAN、HEDIAN、FENGGUANGDIANDENGQITADIANYUANBINGWUERZHI。RANER,SHUIDIANDEFEIDIANLIFUWUCHANGCHANGBEIYANZHONGDIGU,SHUIDIANGONGCHENGCHUFADIANWAIHAIJUYOUFANGHONG、HANGYUN、GONGSHUI、GUANGAI、SHUIZIYUANPEIZHIDENGCHUANTONGDEZONGHELIYONGZUOYONGHEXIAOYI,XINXINGSHIXIAHAICHENGDANZHECUJINSHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHU、CUJINYIMINZHIFUHEDIFANGJINGJIFAZHANDENGRENWU,ZONGHEXIAOYIXIANZHU【7】。

盈多多彩票APP  YIXIZANGZIZHIQUWEILI,WEIYUXIZANGZIZHIQUJINGNEIDEYALUZANGBUJIANG,SHUINENGYUNZANGLIANGFENGFU,ZAIZHONGGUOJINCIYUZHANGJIANG。2020NIANHOU,WOGUOSHUIDIANKAIFADEZHUZHANCHANGJIANGZHUJIANZHUANXIANGXIZANGDIQU,BINGQIDONGJUYOUZHANLVEYIYIDE“ZANGDIANWAISONG”GONGCHENG。WEILESHIXIANKUAYUESHIFAZHAN,XIZANGLIBUKAIZISHENYOUZHIZIYUANDEKAIFAHEZHONGDAGONGCHENGDEQIANTOUYINLING,SHUIDIANGONGCHENGWANGWANGTOUZIGUIMODA、JIANSHEZHOUQIZHANG,DUILADONGDIFANGJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANZUOYONGXIANZHU。KAIFAXIZANGZIZHIQUFENGFUDESHUILIZIYUANBUJINNENGWEIXIZANGZISHENFAZHANTIGONGQINGJIENENGYUAN,DUIXIDIANDONGSONGZHANLVEDESHISHIYESHIZHONGYAOBAOZHANG,SHUIDIANKAIFADAILAIDEQITAZONGHEXIAOYICHULENENGWEIXIZANGDAILAIJUDADEJINGJI、SHEHUIHEHUANJINGXIAOYI,DUIWOGUODIYUANZHENGZHIDEYIYIYESHIFENZHONGDA【8】。

雅鲁藏布江

  WOGUOSHUIDIANRENGYOUJUDADEFAZHANKONGJIAN,ZONGHEXIAOYIXIANZHU,SUIRANDANGQIANCUNZAIZHEKAIFADONGLIBUZUDEWENTI,DANHOUXUSHUIDIANDEKAIFABUJINSHIBIYAODE,YESHIPOQIEDE。

  (ER)“JIUWU”QIJIANSHUIDIANKAIFAFANGZHEN

  HUIGU“BAWU”“JIUWU”QIJIAN,WOGUOSHUIDIANTOUCHANYANZHONGBUZU,DANGSHIYIZHONGYANGCAIZHENGBOKUANJIYIHOUBOGAIDAIDEFAZHANFANGSHIYIHENNANZHICHIDAGUIMODESHUIDIANJIANSHE,BIAOMIANSHANGKANSHIYINWEIZIJINWENTI,SHIJISHANGSHITIZHI、JIZHIBUSHUNDEWENTI【9】。YUDANGQIANWOGUOSHUIDIANFAZHANXINGSHIJIQIXIANGSI。

盈多多彩票APP  1995NIAN5YUE31RI,LIPENGZONGLIZAITINGQUGUOJIAJIWEIHEDIANLIGONGYEBUHUIBAO“JIUWU”DIANLIGUIHUAHE2010YUANJINGMUBIAOGUIHUASHITICHU:“SHUIDIANYAOZOUCHUYITIAO'YIDIANYANGDIAN'GUNDONGFAZHANDELUZI,SANXIAJIANSHEYIBUFENZIJINJIUSHIKAOGEZHOUBADELIRUNHEZHEJIUTIGONGDE,LINGYIBUFENZIJINLAIYUANYUMEIQIANWASHIDIANJIA4LIQIAN。21SHIJIQIAN10NIAN,SANXIADE1820WANQIANWAZHUANGJIRONGLIANGJIANGXIANHOUTOUCHAN,MEINIANYOUJUDADELIRUN,KEYIYONGZHEIBIZIJINJIANSHESHANGYOUDESHUIDIANZHAN,SANXIAGONGCHENGHEERTANGONGCHENGTOUCHANHOU,JIANGGENGYOUTIAOJIANDUIZHANGJIANGGAN、ZHILIUSHUILIZIYUANSHIXIANTIJIGUNDONGKAIFA。”【9】

  1996NIAN,GUOWUYUANTICHULESHUIDIANKAIFA“LIUYU、TIJI、GUNDONG、ZONGHE”BAZIFANGZHEN,JIBENZUOFASHIZAIYITIAOHELIU(HEDUAN)SHANG,YIYOUSHOUYIDESHUIDIANZHANZICHANCHENGLILIUYUKAIFAGONGSI,DIANZHANTOUCHANHOUDEQUANBUSHOUYIGUNDONGKAIFAXIAYIGETIJI。ZAIGAIFANGZHENZHIDAOXIA,WOGUOSHUIDIANCONGCIZOUSHANGLEKUAISUFAZHANDEDAOLU,QUANGUOGEZHUYAOLIUYUJIBENSHANGDOUCHENGLILELIUYUKAIFAGONGSI,RUHUBEIQINGJIANGSHUIDIANKAIFAYOUXIANZERENGONGSI(JIANCHENGQINGJIANGGONGSI)、GUIZHOUWUJIANGSHUIDIANKAIFAYOUXIANZERENGONGSI(JIANCHENGWUJIANGGONGSI)、HUANGHESHANGYOUSHUIDIANKAIFAYOUXIANZERENGONGSI(JIANCHENGHUANGSHANGGONGSI)、HUANENGLANCANGJIANGSHUIDIANGUFENYOUXIANGONGSI(JIANCHENGLANCANGJIANGGONGSI)DENG,MUQIANCHULEYUNNANNUJIANGHEXIZANGZIZHIQUDEYALUZANGBUJIANGZHIWAIHELIUDETIJIGUNDONGKAIFAYIJIBENWANCHENGHUOJINRUWEISHENG,JIEHEFADIANJINYIBUZONGHEKAIFAJIANGSHIZHEIXIELIUYUGONGSIDEFAZHANZHONGDIAN。

盈多多彩票APP  (SAN)HOUXUSHUIDIANKAIFAFANGZHEN

盈多多彩票APP  TIJIGUNDONGDEKAIFASILUCONGTIZHIJIZHISHANGJIEJUELE“BAWU”“JIUWU”YILAIGEDALIUYUSHUIDIANKAIFAZIJINZHICHIBUZUDEWENTI。LIZUDANGQIANWOGUOYIXIZANGZIZHIQUWEIZHUDEXINANSHUIDIANKAIFAZIJINZHICHIBUZUDEWENTI,BUFANGCONGGENGDAGEJUSHANG,YIXIZANG、SICHUAN、YUNNANSANSHENGQUXIANYOUSHUIDIANZICHANWEIJICHUZUJIANXINANSHUIDIANLIANHEKAIFATI,LIYONGQIZISHENSHOUYISHIXIANHOUXUSHUIDIANDEGUNDONGHEZONGHEKAIFA,SHIXIANSHUIDIANZISHENDE“YIDIANYANGDIAN”。“LIANHE、GUNDONG、ZONGHE”DEKAIFAFANGZHENKEYINDAOWOGUOHOUXUSHUIDIANKECHIXUFAZHAN。

  1.WULIJICHU

  JINMIDETIJISHUILILIANXISHIGAIFANGZHENJUBEISHISHIDEWULIJICHU。

  XIZANG、SICHUAN、YUNNANSANSHENGQUSHUIDIANJISHUKEKAIFALIANGZHANQUANGUODE64%,SANSHENGQUGONGTONGSUOCHUDEQINGZANGGAOYUANGAOSHANSHANDISHIDESANSHENGQUZHUYAOLIUYUDESHUILILIANXIJINMI,JIDAHELIUJIBENFAYUANHUOLIUJINGXIZANG,RUJINSHAJIANGLIUJINGXIZANG、YUNNAN、SICHUAN、ZHONGQING,XIAJIEZHANGJIANG,DAIKAIFASHUIDIANJIZHONGZAICHUANZANGDUAN;LANCANGJIANGFAYUANQINGHAI,LIUJINGXIZANG、YUNNAN,DAIKAIFASHUIDIANZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIXIZANGDUAN;YALONGJIANGWEIJINSHAJIANGYIJIZHILIU;DADUHEWEIZHANGJIANGERJIZHILIU。

  2.GONGNENGDINGWEI

盈多多彩票APP  XIZANG、SICHUAN、YUNNANSANSHENGQUSHUIDIANGONGNENGDINGWEIXIANGTONGSHIGAIFANGZHENJUBEISHISHIDESHIYINGXING。

  SICHUANHEYUNNANLIANGSHENGDESHUIDIANZAIXIDIANDONGSONGZHANLVEZHONGDEDINGWEISHIZAIMANZUDANGDIDIANLIXUQIUDEJICHUSHANGWAISONGHUADONG、HUAZHONGHENANFANGDIQU。SUIZHESICHUANHEYUNNANZISHENYONGDIANLIANGDEZHUBUZENGZHANG,YAOWEICHIXIDIANDONGSONGDEGUIMO,WUBIJIANGXIZANGSHUIDIANZUOWEIJIEXUJIDI。SANSHENGQUDESHUIDIANZAIGONGNENGDINGWEISHANGSHIYIZHIDE。

  JIEZHI2019NIANDI,XIZANGZIZHIQUYIZAIJIANSHUIDIANZHUANGJIJINZHANGAIQUJISHUKEKAIFALIANGDE2.6%,ZHUANGJIZONGGUIMOYUE150WANQIANWA。XIANGBIYUYUNNANJIN7000WANQIANWAHESICHUANJIN8000WANQIANWASHUIDIANZHUANGJIDETILIANG,XIZANGZIZHIQUYIYOUSHUIDIANGUIMOTAIXIAO,NANYIDANDANGJIEXUJIDIDEZHONGREN。TILIANGXIAOYIFANGMIANCHANSHENGBULESHICHANGGUIMOXIAOYING,LINGYIFANGMIANYESHIDEZISHENGUNDONGFAZHANHUANMAN。JIADAXIZANGSHUIDIANKAIFALIDU,SANSHENGQULIANHEXIEDIAOFAZHAN,CAINENGBAOZHANGXIDIANDONGSONGZHANLVEDESHUNLISHISHI。

  3.XIAOYIFAHUI

  XIZANG、SICHUAN、YUNNANSANSHENGQUNENGGOUSHIXIANXIAOYIZUIDAHUASHIGAIFANGZHENJUYOUSHENGMINGLI。

盈多多彩票APP  QUBIEYUHUODIAN、HEDIANDENGDIANFENBUDIANYUAN,SHUIDIANDEFENBUSHIYIHELIUWEIYITUODELIANSHIFENBU。LUOCHAHEJIANGYULIANGLIANGGEYINSUJUEDINGLESHUIDIANZHUANGJIHEFADIANLIANGCUNZAIGUDINGFENGZHI,DUIYUYOUSHUILILIANXIDEQUYULAISHUO,GEGEHELIUKAIFAQIYEZAIFADIANXIAOYISHANGSHILINGHEJINGZHENG。XIZANG、SICHUAN、YUNNANSANSHENGQULIANHEKAIFASHUILIZIYUAN,BUJINNENGSHIXIANFADIANXIAOYIDEZUIDAHUA,DAZAOCHENGSHIJIEYILIUDEQINGJIENENGYUANJIDI,YENENGZENGQIANGXINANSHUIZIYUANDETONGYIXIEDIAOHEANQUANGUANLINENGLI。

  4.JIEJUEWENTI

  GAIFANGZHENYOUZHUYUJIEJUEDANGQIANCUNZAIDEWENTISHIQIJUYOUXIANSHIYIYI。

  HUIGUQIANWENTIJICUNZAIDEWENTI,CHENGLIDELIANHETINENGGOUCUSHIGELEIJISHUBIAOZHUNHEJIANSHEZHENGDIYIMINBANQIANDENGBUCHANGBIAOZHUNDETONGYI,YOUXIAOKONGZHIGONGCHENGTOUZICHENGBEN;YOUWANGSHIXIANXIZANG、SICHUAN、YUNNANSANSHENGQUSHUIDIANLIANHEYOUHUADIAODU、LIANHECANYUXIDIANDONGSONG,JIANSHAOZIYUANLANGFEI;BIMIANKAIFAQUANDEWUXUJINGZHENG,CUCHENGWAIBUCHENGBENGUIFANHUA;KAIFAZHUTIHUAYUQUANDEDAOJIAQIANG,TUIDONGJIANSHEYUNXINGGUANLITIZHIGAIGE,CUJINSHEJI、SHIGONGDENGHUANJIEDEYICHONGFENJINGZHENG。

盈多多彩票APP  CIWAI,TONGCHOUDEGUNDONGKAIFAYOUZHUYUJIANSHECHENGBENJIAOGAO、DANBUCHANGXIAOYIXIANZHUDEKONGZHIXINGDIAOJIESHUIKUDIANZHANDEYIANHELISHIXUTUIDONGJIANSHE;CHUANGZAOZAIGENGDAKONGJIANWEIDUSHANGSHIXIANSHUIZIYUANDIAOPEI、FANGHONG、HANGYUNDENGZONGHEXIAOYIZUIDAHUADEKENENGXING。

雅砻江锦屏二级水电站

  五、组建西南水电联合开发体的可行性

盈多多彩票APP  (YI)FANGZHENJICHENGHECHENGGONGJINGYAN

  “JIUWU”QIJIANTICHUDE“LIUYU、TIJI、GUNDONG、ZONGHE”KAIFAFANGZHENJINGYOUQINGJIANGGONGSI、HUANGSHANGGONGSI、SANXIAJITUANDENGLIUYUGONGSIDEZUJIANDEDAOLEWANSHANHEYANZHENG,ZAIQINGJIANG、JINSHAJIANG、YALONGJIANGDENGHELIUDETIJIGUNDONGZONGHEKAIFASHIJIANZHONGJILEILEFENGFUDECHENGGONGJINGYAN。BENWENTICHUDE“LIANHE、GUNDONG、ZONGHE”KAIFAFANGZHENSHIDUI“LIUYU、TIJI、GUNDONG、ZONGHE”DEJICHENGHEFAZHAN,ZUJIANXINANSHUIDIANLIANHEKAIFATIJUYOULILUNHESHIJIANJICHU。

  (ER)FAZHANXUYAO

  YINGWOGUOJINGJISHICHANGHUAGAIGEHEDALIFAZHANDIANLIGONGYEDEXUYAO,1997NIANCHENGLIDEGUOJIADIANLIGONGSIYU2002NIANCHAIFENWEILIANGDADIANWANGGONGSIHEWUDAFADIANJITUAN。WUDAFADIANJITUANQIXIAZHONGDUOLIUYUKAIFAGONGSIDECHENGLISHIWOGUOSHUIDIANJIANSHEQUANMIANKAIHUA。

  XINSHIDAIBEIJINGXIA,WOGUODANGQIANDIANLIGONGYINGJINZHANGJUMIANDEYIZANSHIHUANJIE,DUIHOUXUSHUIDIANDEKAIFABUXUYAO、YEBUJUBEIZHONGDUOKAIFAGONGSIDUOTOUKAIFADETIAOJIAN,TIZHIZENGXIAOJIANGSHIGENGGAODEYAOQIU。QIANWENTIDAOGUOHOUXUCHUBEIKAIFAZIYUANBUZUDAOZHIKAIFAQUANJINGZHENGRIYIJILIEDEWENTI,LIANHEKAIFA、HEZUOGONGYINGHUISHIGEDAFADIANJITUANGENGHAODEXUANZE。ZUJIANXINANSHUIDIANLIANHEKAIFATISHUNYINGDANGQIANWOGUOSHUIDIANFAZHANXUYAO

  (SAN)ZIJINZHICHI

  XINANJIDALIUYUSHUIDIANKAIFAGONGSIZHONG,KAIFACHUANZANGDUANDEHUADIANJINSHAJIANGSHANGYOUSHUIDIANKAIFAYOUXIANGONGSIZI2015NIANSHOUGESHUIDIANZHANKAIGONGJIANSHEYILAIMUQIANZHENGCHUYUJIANSHETOUZIGAOFENGQI,QITAZHURUSANXIAJITUAN、LANCANGJIANGGONGSI、YALONGJIANGLIUYUSHUIDIANKAIFAYOUXIANGONGSI、YUNNANHUADIANJINSHAJIANGZHONGYOUSHUIDIANKAIFAYOUXIANGONGSI、GUOJIANENGTOUJITUANDADUHELIUYUSHUIDIANKAIFAYOUXIANGONGSIDESHUIDIANJIANSHETOUZIGAOFENGQIYIGUO。YISANXIAJITUANWEILI,ZHUANGJIGUIMO1020WANQIANWADEWUDONGDESHUIDIANZHANJINNIANYISHIXIANSHOUTAIJIZUYITOUCHAN,ZHUANGJIGUIMO1600WANQIANWADEBAIHETANSHUIDIANZHANMINGNIANYEJIANGSHIXIANSHOUTAIJIZUTOUCHAN,ZHEILIANGGEDIANZHANZHIHOUSHANGWUMINGQUEDEKAIZHANQIANQIGONGZUODESHUIDIANZHANXIANGMU。

  SUIZHEGENGDUOJIZUDETOUCHAN,DIYUNXINGCHENGBENDESHUIDIANJIANGCHANSHENGXIANGDANGGUIMODEKEGUANSHOUYI,DUIZUJIANXINANSHUIDIANLIANHEKAIFATIHEWENBUGUNDONGKAIFAXINANHOUXUSHUIDIANSHIJIDADEZIJINZHICHI。

  六、结论和建议

  1.ZAIXINSHIDAINENGYUANGONGJICEGAIGE、NENGYUANJIEGOUZHUANXINGHESHIXIANGAOZHILIANGFAZHANZHANLVEYAOQIUDEBEIJINGXIA,WOGUOSHUIDIANFAZHANMIANLINZHEZHUDUOTIAOZHAN,DANZUOWEILVSEDIANLINENGYUANGENGYOUDESHIJIYU。JIJIWENTUOKAIFAHOUXUSHUIDIAN,GAOZHILIANGDAZAOXINANSHUIDIANJIDISHIWOMENXUYAOJIANCHIDENENGYUANFAZHANZHANLVE。

盈多多彩票APP  2.WOGUOSHUIDIANGONGCHENGKAIFAJIANSHEDAILAIDEFANGHONG、HANGYUN、GONGSHUIDENGFEIDIANLIFUWUXIAOYIYIZHIYILAIMEIYOUDEDAOZUGOUDEZHONGSHI,JIANYIXIANGGUANZHUGUANBUMENDUICIZUZHIKAIZHANXITONGDELIANGHUAPINGGUGONGZUO,YISHINENGGOUDUISHUIDIANKAIFAJIAZHIJUYOUSHENRUQUANMIANDERENZHI。

盈多多彩票APP  3. ZHONGSHISHUIDIANGONGCHENGJIANSHEYUNXINGGUANLIZHONGCUNZAIDEYUNDONGYUANYESHICAIPANDETIZHIGAIGEBUCHONGFEN、SHICHANGJIZHIJIANSHEBUDAOWEIDEXIANXIANG,JIANYIJIADAGAIGELIDU,JIAQIANGDULIDISANFANGDUIGONGCHENGJIANSHE、YUNXINGGUANLIDEPINGGUHEJIANGUANLIDU。

  4. JIANYUXIZANG、SICHUAN、YUNNANSANSHENGQUSHUILILIANXIJINMI、SHUILIZIYUANTILIANGXIANGDANG、GONGTONGJIANFUZHEXIDIANDONGSONGDESHIMING,QIEYOUZHESHIXIANXIAOYIZUIDAHUADEGONGTONGXUQIU,DIYIJIEDUANKEKAOLVZAIBAOZHANGSICHUANHEYUNNANHELILIYIFENPEIDEQIANTIXIA,ZHENGHESANSHENGQUZHUYAOLIUYUSHUIDIANZICHANZUJIANXINANSHUIDIANLIANHEKAIFATI,ANZHAO“LIANHE、GUNDONG、ZONGHE”DEKAIFAFANGZHENSHIXIANWOGUOHOUXUSHUIDIANDEKECHIXUFAZHAN。

  参考文献

  【1】SHUIDIANSHUILIGUIHUASHEJIZONGYUAN.ZHONGGUOKEZAISHENGNENGYUANFAZHANBAOGAO2018[M].BEIJING:ZHONGGUOSHUILISHUIDIANCHUBANSHE,2019.

盈多多彩票APP  【2】ZHONGGUODIANLIQIYELIANHEHUI.2019NIANQUANGUODIANLIGONGYETONGJIKUAIBAOYILANBIAO[EB].2020.

  【3】GUOZIXIAOXIN. SHANHEWEIZHENG:ZHONGGUOSHIDASHUIDIANGONGCHENGDEZUOTIANJINTIANHEMINGTIAN[Z]. 2020.

  【4】YANBIBO,XUJIACHENG.ZENGQIANGSHUIDIANSHICHANGJINGZHENGLICUJINHOUXUSHUIDIANKECHIXUFAZHANZHENGCECUOSHIYANJIU[R],2018.

盈多多彩票APP  【5】ZHONGGUOGUOJIGONGCHENGZIXUNYOUXIANGONGSI.SHUIDIANFAZHAN“SHISANWU”GUIHUASHISHIQINGKUANGDEZHONGQIPINGGUBAOGAO[R],2018.

  【6】WANGSHUCHENG.SHIJIDAKUAYUETANSHUIDIANJIANSHEDETIZHIGAIGE[R]. GAIGEKAIFANGSISHINIANZHONGGUOSHUIDIAN[M].BEIJING:ZHONGGUODIANLICHUBANSHE,2018.

盈多多彩票APP  【7】ZHOUJIANPING,QIANGANGLIANG.SHUIDIANJIDIKAIFACHENGJIUYUWEILAIFAZHAN[R]. GAIGEKAIFANGSISHINIANZHONGGUOSHUIDIAN[M].BEIJING:ZHONGGUODIANLICHUBANSHE,2018.

盈多多彩票APP  【8】ZHONGGUOSHUILIFADIANGONGCHENGXUEHUI.JIAKUAIXIZANGSHUIDIANKAIFAZHULILVSEFAZHAN[R].KEJIGONGZUOZHEJIANYI,2019(36).

  【9】WANGXINMAO.SHUIDIANKAIFADAGEJUSHIRUHEXINGCHENGDE[N].ZHONGGUONENGYUANBAO.2018.

  WENZHONGTUPIANJUNLAIYUANYUWANGLUO。

  作者简介

  XUJIACHENG ■ ZHONGGUOGUOJIGONGCHENGZIXUNYOUXIANGONGSINENGYUANYEWUBUXIANGMUJINGLI,GAOJIGONGCHENGSHI,ZHUCEZIXUNGONGCHENGSHI(TOUZI),ZHONGGUOSHUILISHUIDIANKEXUEYANJIUYUANBOSHIYANJIUSHENGBIYE。

  ■ ZHUYAOCONGSHICHANGGUISHUIDIANZHANHECHOUSHUIXUNENGDIANZHANDEXINGYEYANJIUGONGZUO,ZHUCHILEDALIANGDEJISHUSHENCHA、HEZHUNPINGGU、XINGYEGUIHUAZIXUN、XINGYEKETIYANJIU,YIJIQIYEBINGGOUJINDIAOHEGUANLIZIXUNDENGGONGZUO。

盈多多彩票APP  ■ ZAIZHUANYEQIKANSHANGFABIAOZHONGYINGWENWENZHANG20YUPIAN,CANBIAN3BENZHUZUO,ZHONGZIGONGSIZIXUNZHUANBAO1FEN。HUODEZHONGZIGONGSIYOUXIUYANJIUCHENGGUOYIDENGJIANG2XIANG、SANDENGJIANG1XIANG。

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