盈多多彩票APP

我国电力需求响应现状分析与发展建议

发布时间: 2020-08-11 11:43:03   来源:《电力决策与舆情参考》  作者:郭平平 杨迪 陈晨

盈多多彩票APP  XUQIUXIANGYINGZUOWEIDIANLIXUQIUCEGUANLISHISHIDEZHONGYAONEIRONG,SHIZHITONGGUOFENSHIDIANJIADENGSHICHANGJIAGEXINHAOHUOZIJINBUTIEDENGJILIJIZHI,YINDAOGULIDIANLIYONGHUZHUDONGGAIBIANYUANYOUDIANLIXIAOFEIMOSHIDESHICHANGCANYUXINGWEI,YICUJINDIANLIGONGXUPINGHENG,BAOZHANGDIANWANGWENDINGYUNXING。ZI2012NIANQIXUQIUXIANGYINGZAIWOGUOKAISHIKEYANSHIZHENG,JINGGUOZHUBUSHIDIANYINGYONGHEYANBIAN,TEBIESHISUIZHEDIANLISHICHANGDEFAZHAN,XUQIUXIANGYINGYUDIANLISHICHANGJIAOYIYOUJIJIEHE,QUDELEZHANGZUDEJINBU。

  一、我国需求响应发展现状

  2014NIAN8YUE,SHANGHAISHOUCIQIDONGLEGUONEIXUQIUXIANGYINGSHIDIAN,6JIAGONGYEYONGHUHE28JIALOUYUYONGHUCHENGGONGXIANGYING,SHIXIANJIANGDIFENGFUHE5.5WANQIANWA,ZHANSHILEXUQIUXIANGYINGDUIDIANWANGXITONGJINXINGYOUHUAJIGAISHANDEQIANLI。ZHIHOUZAIGUOJIAFAZHANGAIGEWEIDIANLIXUQIUCEGUANLICHENGSHIZONGHESHIDIANZHENGCEZHIYINXIA,BEIJING、SUZHOU、FOSHANDENGDILUXUQIDONGXUQIUXIANGYINGSHIDIAN。JIEZHI2019NIANMO,GUONEIKAIZHANXUQIUXIANGYINGSHIDIANDESHENG(QU、SHI)DADAO10GE,QIZHONG8GESHENG(SHI)FABULESHIDIANZHICHIZHENGCE。

  ZAIXUQIUXIANGYINGSHISHIZAOQI,SHISHIMUDEZHUYAOSHIWEILEYINGDUIXIAJIGAOFENGSHIDUANDIANLIXIAOFEIJINZHANGZHUANGKUANG,ZUIDACHENGDUXUEJIANGAOFENGDIANLIFUHEDUIDIANWANGANQUANDEYINGXIANG,BAOZHANGLEMINSHENGYONGDIANHEZHONGDIANYONGDIANANQUANPINGWEN。2014~2019NIANDUGUONEIKAIZHANXUEFENGXUQIUXIANGYINGDEQINGKUANGRUXIABIAOSUOSHI。

2014~2019年度国内开展削峰需求响应情况

盈多多彩票APP  SUIZHEWOGUOKEZAISHENGNENGYUANZHUANGJIBILIBUDUANTIGAO,DONGJIDIGUSHIDUANDIAOFENGYALIYUELAIYUEDA,TEBIESHIBEIFANGDIQUDONGJIGONGNUANQIJIAN,YOUYUREDIANLIANCHANJIZUREDIANBIDIAOJIENENGLIYOUXIAN,YONGDIANFUHEGUODIDAOZHIFADIANJIZUCHULIBUZU,JINERYINGXIANGGONGRENENGLI,XUYAOTONGGUOSHICHANGHUASHOUDUANYINDAOYONGHUZAIYONGDIANDIGUSHIDUANSHISHIFANXIANGXUQIUXIANGYING,TONGSHICUJINXINNENGYUANXIAONA。2018NIANCHUNJIEQIJIAN,TIANJINSHIZUZHIKAIZHANLEGUONEISHOUCITIANGUXUQIUXIANGYINGSHIDIAN,CAIYONGSHICHANGHUAJILIFANGSHIGULIHEYINDAOYONGHUDIGUSHIDUANYONGDIAN。SHIDIANCANYUYONGHUTAIGAODIGUSHIDUANFUHEYUE40WANQIANWA,DIANWANGFUHEJIAO2017NIANTONGQIZENGZHANG7.2%,YOUXIAOCUJINLEREDIANLIANCHANJIZULIANXUWENDINGFADIANGONGRE,JIANGUDIANLIGONGXUPINGHENG、QINGJIENENGYUANXIAONAJIMINSHENGGONGREBAOZHANG。2018NIAN,JIANGSUSHENGSHOUCIZAIGUOQINGQIJIANSHISHITIANGUDIANLIXUQIUXIANGYING,BINGZAIGUONEISHOUCHUANGJINGJIAMOSHI,CUJINLEQINGJIENENGYUANFADIANQUANEXIAONA,BAOZHANGLEDIANWANGANQUANWENDINGYUNXING,DANGQIZUIDATIANBUDIGUFUHE142WANQIANWA,LEIJITIANGU719WANQIANWA。2019NIAN,ZHONGQINGSHISHOUCIZUZHIFENGSHUIQIDIANLIXUQIUXIANGYINGSHIDIAN,ZHONGQINGDIANWANGFENGSHUIQIXUQIUXIANGYINGSHISHIFANGANBAOKUODIGUDIANZENGLIANGJIAOYISHIDIANHEZHUDONGYIFENGFUHEXUQIUXIANGYINGSHIDIAN,ZHUYAOLIYONGSICHUANFENGSHUIQIDIGUSHUIDIANFENGFU、JIAGEJIAODIDEZIYUANYOUSHI,JIANGJIACHAKONGJIANZUOWEIXUQIUXIANGYINGBUTIEZIJINLAIYUAN,BINGCHUANDAOZHIGONGYEYONGHU,YINDAOYONGHUDIAOZHENGSHENGCHAN,SHIXIANDIANWANGFUHEXUEFENGTIANGU。

  2019NIAN,QUANGUOLEIJISHISHITIANGUXIANGYING8CI,CANYUGONGYEYONGHU2861HU、SHANGYEYONGHU444HU、JUMINYONGHU288HU,ZENGJIAYONGDIANFUHE543.55WANQIANWA,XIAONADIGUDIANLIANG13300.24WANQIANWASHI。

  二、我国需求响应发展特点

盈多多彩票APP  (YI)GEDIZHUBUTANSUOCHUANGXINXUQIUXIANGYINGSHISHINEIRONG

  WOGUOKAIZHANXUQIUXIANGYINGYANJIUSHIJIANGONGZUODESHIJIANJIAODUAN,DANSUIZHEXUQIUXIANGYINGSHISHIYIYIDETUXIAN,YIYOUYUELAIYUEDUODESHENGSHIJIEHEDIANWANGYUNXINGTEZHENGHEFUHETEDIAN,KAIZHANXUEFENG、TIANGU、CUJINKEZAISHENGNENGYUANXIAONA、DIAODONGCHUNENGCANYUDENGXUQIUXIANGYINGSHISHIGONGZUO,XIANGYINGFUHELEIXINGHESHOUDUANJUNCHENGXIANCHULEXINDETEDIAN。MUQIAN,SHANGHAI、JIANGSUYISHIXIANXUQIUXIANGYINGGONGZUOCHANGTAIHUAKAIZHAN,SHANDONG、TIANJINYU2018NIANCHENGGONGSHISHITIANGUXUQIUXIANGYING,TIANJINHAIYU2019NIANJIANLILEXUQIUXIANGYINGZHONGXIN。2019NIANLAODONGJIEQIJIAN,GUOWANGSHANGHAISHIDIANLIGONGSIZAIGUONEILVXIANKAIZHANLEFANZAIDIANLIWULIANWANGCHANGJINGXIAXUNIDIANCHANGQUANYUZONGHEXIANGYING;2020NIAN5YUE,GUOWANGJIANGSUSHENGDIANLIYOUXIANGONGSICHUNENGXUQIUXIANGYINGZIYUANGUANLIXITONGXIANGZHENJIANGDANYANGDIQU5JIAQIYEDECHUNENGDIANZHANMONIFACHUXUEFENGXUQIUZHILING,BIAOZHIZHEJIANGSUDIANLISHOUGEKEHUCECHUNENGZIDONGXUQIUXIANGYINGXIANGMUZHENGSHITOUYUN。

  (ER)XUQIUXIANGYINGBUCHANGJIAGESHICHANGHUACHENGDUYOUSUOSHANGSHENG,BUTIEZIJINLAIYUANTUJINGHUODETUPO

盈多多彩票APP  JIANGSUZUOWEISHISHIXUQIUXIANGYINGJIAOZAODESHENGFEN,SHIXINGDESHIYUEDINGBUCHANGDEFANGSHI,MUQIANSHANDONGYICHANGSHITONGGUOXUQIUCEJINGJIADEMOSHIQUEDINGBUCHANGJIAGE,XIANGBICIQIANDEYUEDINGBUCHANG,SHICHANGHUACHENGDUYOUSUOTISHENG。CONGBUTIEZIJINLAIKAN,JIANGSULAIYUANYUJIANFENGDIANJIAZENGSHOUDEZIJIN,DUI315QIANFUANJIYISHANGDAGONGYEYONGHUYU7YUE、8YUESHANGWU10SHIZHI11SHIHEXIAWU14SHIZHI15SHI,ZAIFENGQIDIANJIADEJICHUSHANGMEIQIANWASHIJIAJIA0.1YUAN。JIANFENGDIANJIAZENGSHOUDEZIJINYONGYUXUQIUXIANGYINGKEZHONGDUANDIANJIAHEKEZAISHENGNENGYUANXIAONABUTIEDEZHICHU,KEKUANIANGUNDONGSHIYONG。2018NIAN,SHANDONGZAIXUQIUXIANGYINGSHISHIFANGANZHONG,CHUANGXINXINGDICAIYONGLEDANBIANJIZHONGJINGJIAFANGSHIQUEDINGKEHUBUCHANGJIAGE,BINGGENJUKEHUXIANGYINGLIANGBILIYOUHUABUCHANGXISHU。2020NIANSHANDONGXUQIUXIANGYINGFANGANMINGQUEGUIDING,JINJIXINGXUEFENG、TIANGUXUQIUXIANGYINGBUCHANGFEIYONGJIRUGONGDIANCHENGBEN,JINGJIXINGXUEFENG、TIANGUXUQIUXIANGYINGBUCHANGFEIYONGZANCONGDIANWANGGONGSICANYUKUASHENGQUKEZAISHENGNENGYUANXIANHUOSHICHANGSHIDIANXINGCHENGDEZIJINKONGJIANZHICHU。ZHEJIANG2020NIANDUDIANLIXUQIUXIANGYINGBUTIEZIJINLAIYUANYU2019NIANKUAQUYUSHENGJIANFUYUKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIANHUOJIAOYIGOUDIANCHAJIAYINGYUBUFEN。ERHENANZECAIYONGNARUSHENGJISHUPEIDIANJIAHEDINGFANGSHI。

  (SAN)CUJINLEDIANLIXUQIUCEGUANLIXINXIXITONGDEJIANLI

盈多多彩票APP  DIANLIXUQIUCEGUANLIXINXIXITONGSHISHISHIXUQIUXIANGYINGDEJICHU,GEDIZHIDINGDEXUQIUXIANGYINGFANGANZHONGJUNMINGQUEYAOQIUFUHEJICHENGSHANGHEDIANLIYONGHUYAOJIANLIXUQIUCEGUANLIXITONGHUODIANNENGZAIXIANJIANCEXITONG,BINGYAOQIUYUGUOJIAHUOSHENGDIANLIXUQIUCEGUANLIPINGTAIJINXINGDUIJIE。TONGGUOXUQIUXIANGYINGGONGZUODEKAIZHAN,TUIDONGLEQIYEXINXIHUADEJIANSHE,CUJINLEQIYENENGYUANGUANLIDEKEXUEHUA、KESHIHUA。

  三、我国需求响应发展存在的问题

盈多多彩票APP  DIYI,ZAIDIANLISHICHANGHUANJINGFANGMIAN。XUQIUXIANGYINGSHIDIANLIXUQIUCEGUANLIZAIJINGZHENGXINGDIANLISHICHANGXIADEXINFAZHAN,LIANGHAODESHICHANGHUAJIZHISHIXUQIUXIANGYINGZIYUANRONGRUSHICHANG、CANYUDIANLIXITONGYUNXINGDEJICHU。WOGUODIANLISHICHANGJIANSHEHAICHUYUCHUQIJIEDUAN,YOUQISHIXIANHUOSHICHANG、FUZHUFUWUSHICHANGDENGDEJIANSHESHANGZAIQIBUTANSUO,QUEFAWANZHENGCHENGSHUDESHICHANGTIXIHEYUNXINGJIZHIZHICHENGXUQIUXIANGYINGZIYUANJIAZHIDEKAIFA,TONGSHIXUQIUXIANGYINGZIYUANDEDUOYANGXINGHEFENSANXINGYEJUEDINGLEQINANYIZAIDUANQINEIZUOWEIFADIANZIYUANXUNSUFANGDA。

  DIER,ZAIXUQIUXIANGYINGYUNXINGJIZHIFANGMIAN。YISHIYONGHUSHICHANGYISHIYOUDAIPEIYU;ERSHIQUEFAJIAOWEICHENGSHUDESHANGYEMOSHI,FUHEJICHENGSHANGHUODIANLIYONGHUKEHUODEDEJINGJISHOUYIQIDAIZHIYOUXIAN;SANSHIQUEFAJIANQUANDEXUQIUXIANGYINGSHICHANGYUNXINGJIZHI,GELEISHICHANGZHUTIDEJIAOSEBUMINGXI,CANYUQUDAORENGWEIWANQUANCHANGTONG;SISHIMUQIANXUQIUXIANGYINGDIQUFAZHANBUPINGHENG,QUEFAKEFUZHI、KETUIGUANGDEDIANLIXUQIUXIANGYINGSHICHANGJIANSHEFANGAN。

  DISAN,ZAIXUQIUXIANGYINGJISHUFANGMIAN。YISHIDAGUIMOLINGHUOZIYUANYOUHUAPEIZHI、YUNXINGDIAOKONGCELVEYUDIANWANGYUNXINGKONGZHIDENGLILUNYANJIUYUSHIJIANYINGYONGYOUDAISHENRU;ERSHIXUQIUXIANGYINGZIYUANSHUANGXIANGHUDONGJISHU、TONGXINJISHU、NENGXIAOGUANLIXITONGJIZHONGDUANDENGJISHUHEBIAOZHUNXUYAOJINYIBUWANSHAN;SANSHIXUQIUXIANGYINGNENGLIPINGGU、XIAOYIPINGGUDENGXIANGGUANJISHURENGRANQIANQUE。

  四、发展建议

  ZONGHELAIKAN,WOGUOXUQIUXIANGYINGYIZHUBUSHENHUAYINGYONG。XUQIUXIANGYINGBUJINNENGKONGZHIFUHELIANG,YOUHUADIANNENGZIYUANPEIZHI,HAIKEYICANYUXITONGDIAODU,TIGONGDIAOFENG、DIAOPINFUZHUFUWUDENG,CONGERCUJINFENBUSHI、KEZAISHENGNENGYUANDAGUIMOFAZHAN,TONGSHITISHENGDIANLIXITONGDEDIAOJIENENGLIHEKEKAOXING。WEILEGENGHAODITUIDONGHECUJINGUONEIXUQIUXIANGYINGFAZHAN,TICHURUXIAFAZHANJIANYI:

  (YI)JIANLIXUQIUXIANGYINGSHICHANGYUNYINGJIZHI

盈多多彩票APP  CONGZHANGQIKAN,GOUJIANWANSHANDESHICHANGJIZHISHIDAGUIMOFAZHANXUQIUXIANGYINGXIANGMUDEGUANJIAN。WOGUOZAIZHUBUPEIYUFAZHANDIANLISHICHANGDETONGSHI,YINGKAOLVDIANLIXUQIUCEGUANLIYUXUQIUXIANGYINGYUDIANLISHICHANGDEXIANJIEJIZHI,JIAKUAIDIANLIXIANHUOSHICHANGYUFUZHUFUWUSHICHANGJIANSHEBUFA,YIKEFANYINGDIANLIGONGXUQINGKUANGDESHISHIDIANJIAXINHAOJIFAXUQIUXIANGYINGZIYUANQIANLI。

  YANJIUXUQIUXIANGYINGDEFAZHANLUJING,XINGCHENGKEFUZHI、KETUIGUANGDESHICHANGJIANSHEFANGAN。ZAIJIJIANGBIANZHIDENENGYUANDIANLI“SHISIWU”FAZHANGUIHUAZHONG,JIANYIMINGQUEXUQIUXIANGYINGDEFAZHANYAOQIU,JIANGXUQIUXIANGYINGZIYUANTONGCHOUNARUDIANLIYUNXINGDIAODU,TIGAODIANWANGDELINGHUOXING,BINGWEIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIDEXIAONACHUANGZAOTIAOJIAN。

  MINGQUEXUQIUXIANGYINGGECANYUZHUTIDEJIAOSEDINGWEI,YANJIUZHENGFU、DIANWANGQIYE、DIANLIYONGHU、FUHEJICHENGSHANGDENGGEFANGDELIYIFENXIANGFANGSHI,TEBIESHIYAOCHONGFENFAHUIFUHEJICHENGSHANGZAIZHENGHEYONGHUZIYUAN、WEIYONGHUTIGONGZHUANYEFUWUSHANGDEYOUSHI,ZHICHENGYONGHUZHUDONGCANYU。

盈多多彩票APP  (ER)WAJUEXUQIUXIANGYINGZIYUANJIAZHI

盈多多彩票APP  DANGQIANXUDUOGUOJIAYICONGNENGYUANZHANLVEGAODUJIANGXUQIUXIANGYINGZIYUANDENGTONGHUOYOUXIANYUFADIANCEZIYUANDEDIWEI,XUQIUCEDANXINGFUHE、FENBUSHIDIANYUAN、CHUNENG、WEIDIANWANG、XUNIDIANCHANG、DIANDONGQICHEHEZONGHENENGYUANXITONGDENGZIYUANKETONGGUODUIJIAGEXINHAODEXIANGYINGSHIXIANXUEFENGTIANGU、XIAONAKEZAISHENGNENGYUANCHULI、WEIXITONGTIGONGDIAOPINFUZHUFUWUDENGGONGNENG,YUGONGYINGCESHENDUDIAOFENG、PEIZHICHUNENGDENGXITONGDIAOJIEFANGSHIXIANGBICHENGBENGENGDI、XIAOGUOGENGHAO。

  YINCI,ZHENGFUZHUGUANBUMENYINGCHONGFENDIAOCHATONGJIGEDIXUQIUXIANGYINGZIYUAN,YINDAO、JILIDIANLIYONGHUYOUHUAYONGDIANFANGSHI,CAIYONGJUBEIXUQIUXIANGYINGDEYONGDIANSHEBEIHESHESHI,ZHUDONGCANYUSHISHIDIANLIXUQIUXIANGYING。CHONGFENFAHUIXUQIUXIANGYINGZIYUANZAITISHENGXITONGKEKAOXING、CUJINKEZAISHENGNENGYUANXIAONAFANGMIANDEYINGYOUZUOYONG。

盈多多彩票APP  (SAN)WANSHANXUQIUXIANGYINGJILIJIZHI

  《DIANLIXUQIUCEGUANLIBANFA(XIUDINGBAN)》MINGQUETICHU,DIANWANGQIYEKAIZHANDIANLIXUQIUCEGUANLIGONGZUODEHELIZHICHU,KEJIRUGONGDIANCHENGBEN。TONGSHI,KECAIYONGSHELIZHUANXIANGJIJINDEFANGSHI,JIJINKELAIYUANYUDIANJIAWAIFUJIAZHENGSHOUDECHABIEDIANJIASHOURU、QITACAIZHENGYUSUANANPAIDENG。MUQIANJIANGSU、SHANDONG、HENANDENGDICAIQUDEBUTIEZIJINZHENGCE,YIQUDELELIANGHAODECHENGXIAO。

盈多多彩票APP  (SI)PEIYUXUQIUXIANGYINGFUHEJICHENGSHANG

  ZUOWEIXITONGYUYONGHUDEZHONGJIE,FUHEJICHENGSHANGSHIXUQIUXIANGYINGGONGZUODEZHONGYAOSHISHIZHEZHIYI。ZAIKAIFANGDEDIANLISHICHANGZHONG,FUHEJICHENGSHANGJIKEYIZAISHICHANGCEJINXINGGOUSHOUDIAN,YEKEYIZAIYONGHUCETIGONGBUCHANGDIANJIAXUEJIANFUHELAIYINGXIANGSHICHANGSHISHIDIANJIA,TONGSHI,HAIKEYIWEIZHONGDUANYONGHUTIGONGZONGHENENGYUANFUWU,TIGAOYONGHUDENENGYUANLIYONGXIAOLV。YINGDALIPEIYUZHICHIFUHEJICHENGSHANGDEFAZHAN,GUANGFANKAIZHANXIANSHANGXIANXIAPEIXUNHEXUANCHUAN,ZHUANGDAFUHEJICHENGSHANGHEDIANLIXUQIUCEGUANLIZHUANYERENCAIDUIWU,TISHENGQUANMINJIEDIANYISHIHEZHISHISHUIPING。

  (WU)JIAQIANGXUQIUXIANGYINGJISHUTIXIJIAGOUJIANLI

盈多多彩票APP  TANSUO“HULIANWANG ”ZHINENGYONGDIANJISHUMOSHIHEZUZHIMOSHI,TUIJINXUQIUXIANGYINGZIYUAN、CHUNENGZIYUAN、FENBUSHIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIYIJIXINNENGYUANWEIDIANWANGDEZONGHEKAIFALIYONG。TONGGUOGUANGFANBUSHUYONGHUXINXI、DIANWANGXINXIYUFADIANXINXIDENGSHUJUCAIJIZHONGDUAN,JIANSHENENGYUANHULIANWANG,DAPOYUAN-WANG-HE-CHUSHUJUBILEI,ZHENGHEXITONGYUNXING、SHICHANGJIAOYIHEYONGHUYONGDIANSHUJU,TIGAOXUQIUCEDASHUJUFENXINENGLI,SHIXIANXUQIUXIANGYINGZIYUANDEZHINENGDIAOKONG。WANSHANXUQIUXIANGYINGJISHUBIAOZHUNTIXI,TONGSHIZAIXUQIUXIANGYINGXIANGMUDESHEJI、JIANSHE、YUNXINGHEWEIHUZHONG,YINGZHONGSHIXIANXINGBIAOZHUNDETUIGUANGHEYINGYONG,TIGAOXIANGMUJIANSHEZHILIANG,JIANGDIXIANGMUTOUZIYUNWEICHENGBEN。

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