盈多多彩票APP

2020年全球电力报告(下)

发布时间: 2020-07-06 11:48:16   来源:中国电力网  作者:庞名立

  ZAIQUANQIUFADIANFENEZHONG,SHUILIFADIANJINCIYURANMEIFADIANHERANQIFADIAN,JUSHIJIEDISAN。SHUILIFADIANSHIZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANDE“LINGTOUYANG”,YUANBIFENGLIHETAIYANGNENGDEFADIANLIANGDUO。

  ZHONGGUOHUBEISHENGDESANXIASHUIDIANZHANRENGRANSHISHIJIESHANGZUIDADESHUIDIANZHAN,ZONGZHUANGJIRONGLIANGWEI22.50 GW;WEIYUBAXIHEBALAGUIDEYITAIPUSHUIDIANZHANSHISHIJIEDIERDASHUIDIANZHAN,ZHUANGJIRONGLIANGWEI14.00 GW。BUGUO,YITAIPUSHUIDIANZHANSUOCHUDEBALANEIHESHUILIANGFENGPEIQIEJIJIEFENBUXIANGDUIJUNHENG,JIHUKEYIQUANNIANMANFUHEFADIAN;ERSANXIASHUIDIANZHANZEMEINIANDOUHUIJINGLIYUE6GEYUEDEKUSHUIQI,CONGERXIANZHILEQIFADIANLIANG。

  ZONGZHUANGJIRONGLIANG14.00 GW DEYITAIPU(Itaipu)SHUIDIANZHAN,CONG1997NIANDAO2013NIAN,LIANXU16NIANCHENGWEISHIJIESHANGFADIANLIANGZUIDADEDANTISHUIDIANZHAN,2013NIANCENGCHUANGZAOLENIANFADIANLIANG98.63 TWh DELISHIJILU。2014NIAN,SANXIASHUIDIANZHAN(Three Gorges Dam)QUANNIANFADIANLIANGDADAO98.8 TWh,CHUANGZAOLEXINDEFADIANLIANGSHIJIEJILU,SHOUCICHENGWEISHIJIESHANGNIANDUFADIANLIANGZUIDADESHUIDIANZHAN。

  TIJISHUIDIANZHANSHISHIJIESHANGFAZHANSHUILIFADIANDEYIGEZHONGYAODEHUOQUDIANLIDEFANGSHI。ZAIZHIZUOXIABIAOSHI,WOBAXIANGTONGYIHELIUDESHUIDIANZHANGUINAZAIYIQI,NINKEYIKANCHU,SHIJIESHANGXUDUOHELIUDOUSHITIJISHUIDIANZHAN。

盈多多彩票APP  JINSHAJIANG(ZHANGJIANGSHANGYOU)TIJISHUIDIANZHANSHIZHENGZAIJIANSHEZHONGDEZUIDASHUILIFADIANXITONG,JIANGFENSANJIEDUANJIANSHE。DIYIJIEDUANBAOKUOJINSHAJIANGXIAYOUDE4ZUOSHUIDIANZHAN:WUDONGDE(Wudongde Dam)、BAIHETAN(Baihetan Dam)、XILUODU(Xiluodu Dam)HEXIANGJIABA(Xiangjiaba),ZHUANGJIRONGLIANGFENBIEWEI10.20 GW、16.00 GW、13.86 GWHE7.75 GW,ZHEI4ZUOSHUIDIANZHANDEZONGZHUANGJIRONGLIANGHEJIGAODA47.81 GW。XILUODUSHUIDIANZHAN、XIANGJIABASHUIDIANZHANYIYU2014NIANQUANBUJIANCHENG,DIYIJIEDUANJIHUAJIANGZAI2015NIANQUANBUWANGONG。DIERJIEDUANBAOKUOJINSHAJIANGZHONGYOUDE8ZUOSHUIDIANZHAN,ZONGZHUANGJIRONGLIANGJIANGDA8.98 GW。ERWEILAIJINSHAJIANGTIJISHUIDIANZHANYUSANXIA-GEZHOUBATIJISHUIDIANZHANDEZONGZHUANGJIRONGLIANGHEJIJIANGDA95.745 GW。

  CIWAI,GUIHUAZHONGDEGANGGUOHEDAYINJIASHUIDIANZHAN(Grand Inga Dam)YIDANJIANCHENG,YOUWANGCHENGWEISHIJIESHANGZHUANGJIRONGLIANGHEFADIANLIANGZUIDADEDANTISHUIDIANZHAN,TAJIHUAANZHUANG52TAIFADIANJIZU,ZHUANGJIRONGLIANGJIANGHUIDADAO39.00 GW。

  ZHU YI: GUOWAIYONG“Dam(DABA)”JIUSHIZHISHUIDIANZHAN。

  DANWEIHUANSUAN:

  体积单位 1km3=10×108 m3 = 10亿立方米 ; 1亿立方米=0.1 km3

  DIANLIDANWEI 1GW=1000MW ; 1YIQIANWANSHI=0.1TWh

  1 TWh=10YIQIANWANSHI ; 1WANQIANWA=0.01GW ; 1 GW=100WANQIANWA

2020年装机容量2GW以上的水电站

  SHUILIFADIANFENWEISIZHONGLEIXING:CHANGGUISHUIDIANZHAN、CHOUSHUIXUNENGDIANZHAN、JINGLIUSHISHUIDIANZHANHECHAOXINENGDIANZHAN,QIZHONGCHANGGUISHUIDIANZHANZHANZHUDAODIWEI。

  12-4-1、常规水电站(Conventional Hydroelectric Power Stations)

  CHANGGUISHUIDIANZHANSHILIYONGTIANRANHELIU、HUBODENGSHUINENGDEFADIANZHAN。MUQIANSHIJIESHANGZUIDADESHUILIFADIANZHANSHIZAIZHONGGUODESANXIAFADIANZHAN(Three Gorges Dam),ZHUANGJIRONGLIANGDA22500MW。

  SHIJIESHANGZUIGAODEDABAZAIZHONGGUOYALONGJIANGSHANGLIUDEJINPING-IDABA(Jinping-I Dam),HUNNINGTUGAOGONGBA,BAGAO305MI,2013NIANJIANCHENG。2020NIANZUIGAODEDABAJIANGSHIDADUHESHANGDESHUANGJIANGKOUDABA(Shuangjiangkou Dam),BAGAO312MI。

  SHIJIESHANGZUIDADEBATISHIBAJISITANTABEILADABA(Tarbela Dam),1976NIANJIANCHENG,GOUZHUWUGAODA143MI,TIJIWEI153BAIWANLIFANGMI,ZHUANGJIRONGLIANG3478MW。

  SHIJIESHANGCHUSHUILIANGZUIDUODEDABASHIJINBABUWEIHEZANBIXIDEZANBIXIHESHANGDEKALIBADABA(Kariba Dam),QICIWEIELUOSIANJIALAHESHANGDEBULACIKEDABA(Bratsk Dam)HEJIANAWOERTEHUDEAKESONGBOBA(Akosombo Dam)。WOGUODANJIANGKOUDABA(Danjiangkou Dam)JUDI20WEI。

全球十大常规水电站

  12-4-2、抽水蓄能电站(Pumped Storage Power Station)

  CHOUSHUIXUNENGDIANZHANYIBANLIYONGDIANLIXITONGDUOYUDEDIANLIANG(XUNQI、JIAQIHUOHOUBANYEDIGUDIANLIANG),JIANGXIASHUIKUDESHUICHOUDAOSHANGSHUIKUCHUCUN;ZAIXITONGFUHEGAOFENGSHI,JIANGSHANGSHUIKUDESHUIFANGXIA,YOUSHUILUNJIQUDONGSHUILUNFADIANJIFADIAN。JUYOUDIAOFENGTIANGUDESHUANGZHONGZUOYONG,SHIDIANLIXITONGZUILIXIANGDEDIAOFENGDIANYUAN。CIWAI,TAHAIKEYIDIAOPIN、DIAOXIANG、DIAOYAHEZUOWEIBEIYONG,DUIBAOZHANGDIANWANGDEANQUANYOUZHIYUNXINGHETIGAOXITONGJINGJIXINGJUYOUZHONGDAZUOYONG。

  CHOUSHUIXUNENGDIANZHANBENSHENBUCHANSHENGDIANNENG,ERSHIZAIDIANWANGZHONGQIXIEDIAOFADIANYUGONGDIANMAODUNDEZUOYONG;ZAIDUANSHIJIANFUHEGAOFENGSHIDIAOFENGZUOYONGJUDA;QIDONGJICHULIBIANHUAKUAI,KEBAOZHENGDIANWANGDEGONGDIANKEKAOXING,TIGAODIANWANGDEGONGDIANZHILIANG。

  SHIJIESHANGDIYIZUOCHOUSHUIXUNENGDIANZHANSHIRUISHIYU1879NIANJIANCHENGDELEDUNCHOUSHUIXUNENGDIANZHAN。DANGJINSHIJIESHANGZUIDADECHOUSHUIXUNENGDIANZHANSHIMEIGUOBASIKANGDICHOUSHUIXUNENGDIANZHAN,ZHUANGJIRONGLIANGDA3003MW,QICIWEIZHONGGUOHUIZHOUCHOUSHUIXUNENGDIANZHAN,ZHUANGJIRONGLIANGWEI2448 MW,GUANGDONGCHOUSHUIXUNENGSHUIDIANZHAN(Guangdong Pumped Storage Power Station),ZHUANGJIRONGLIANGWEI2400MW。

全球十大抽水蓄能电站

  12-4-3、径流式水电站(run-of-the-river hydroelectric power station)

  JINGLIUSHISHUIDIANZHAN,YOUCHENG“WUDIAOJIESHUIDIANZHAN”,ZHIDABALIANGBIANMEIYOUGAOSHANYOUMEIYOUKURONG,HESHUILIUGUOSHIFADIANDEDIANZHAN。SHUIDIANZHANDECHULIWANQUANQUJUEYUHECHUANJINGLIULIANGDEDAXIAO,DUITIANRANSHUILIU(HECHUANJINGLIU)WUDIAOJIENENGLI。WEILECHONGFENFAHUISHEBEIDEXIAOYI,JINGLIUSHISHUIDIANZHANDUOZAIFUHEQUXIANDEJIHEBUFENGONGZUO。WUDIAOJIESHUIKUDEDIANZHANCHENGWEIJINGLIUSHISHUIDIANZHAN。CIZHONGSHUIDIANZHANANZHAOHEDAODUONIANPINGJUNLIULIANGJISUOKENENGHUODEDESHUITOUJINXINGZHUANGJIRONGLIANGXUANZE。

  QUANQIUJINGLIUSHISHUIDIANZHANDIYIWEISHIBAXIDE“JILAWUDABA”,MEIGUODE“YUESEFUQIUZHANGDABA”YIJINGCONGDIYIWEIJIANGDIDAODISANWEI。ZHONGGUOZUIDADEJINGLIUSHISHUIDIANZHANSHITIANSHENGQIAO-ⅡDABA,SHIJIEPAIXU13,ZHUANGJIRONG,1320MW。

全球五大拦河电站

  12-4-4、潮汐能电站 (Tidal Power Stations)

盈多多彩票APP  CHAOXINENGDIANZHANSHILIYONGHAISHUIZHOUQIXINGZHANGLUOYUNDONGZHONGSUOJUYOUDENENGLIANGLAIFADIANDEFADIANZHAN,QISHUIWEICHABIAOXIANWEISHINENG,QICHAOLIUDESUDUBIAOXIANWEIDONGNENG。ZHEILIANGZHONGNENGLIANGDOUKEYILIYONG,SHIYIZHONGKEZAISHENGNENGYUAN。

  CHAOXIFADIANSHIYIYINCHAOXIYINZHIDEHAIYANGSHUIWEISHENGJIANGFADIAN。YIBANDOUHUIJIANSHUIKUCHUNEIFADIAN,DANYEYOUZHIJIELIYONGCHAOXICHANSHENGDESHUILIUFADIAN。

  SHIJIESHANGZUIDADECHAOXIDIANZHANSHIHANGUOSHIHUAHUCHAOXIDIANZHAN(Sihwa Lake Tidal Power Station),ZHUANGJIRONGLIANGWEI254MW。ZHONGGUOZUIDADECHAOXIDIANZHANSHIJIANGSHACHAOXIDIANZHAN(Jiangxia Tidal Power Station ),ZHUANGJIRONGLIANGJINWEI3.9MW。

盈多多彩票APP  NIJIANZHONGDEELUOSIKANCHAJIABANDAOPINRENNAWANCHAOXIDIANZHAN( Penzhin Tidal Power Plant),ZHUANGJIRONGLIANGDA87100MW,NIANFADIANLIANGKEDA200TWh,JIANGCHENGWEISHIJIESHANGZUIDADECHAOXIDIANZHAN。

全球5大潮汐能电站

13、 波浪能发电

盈多多彩票APP  HAIYANGNENGSHIZHIYIFUZAIHAISHUIZHONGDEKEZAISHENGNENGYUAN。HAIYANGTONGGUOGEZHONGWULIGUOCHENGJIESHOU、CHUCUNHESANFANENGLIANG,ZHEIXIENENGLIANGDALIANGYICHAOXI、BOLANG、WENDUCHA、YANDUTIDU、HAILIUDENGXINGSHICUNZAIYUHAIYANGZHIZHONG。YINCI,HAIYANGNENGZHUYAOBAOKUOCHAOXINENG、BOLANGNENG、WENCHANENG、CHAOLIUNENG、HAILIUNENG、YANCHANENGDENG。YOUYUHAIYANGWENDU、HANYANLIANG、CHAOXI、YANGLIU、BOLANGHEYONGLANGDEBIANHUA,GENJU IEA-OES 2007NIANNIANDUBAOGAO,MEINIANKENENGCHANSHENG20000-80000ZHAOWASHI(TWh/y)DEDIANLI。YINDUNIXIYAZUOWEIQUNDAOGUOJIA,MIANJISIFENZHISANSHIHAIYANG,YONGYOU49GWGONGRENDEQIANZAIHAIYANGNENGYUANHE727GWDELILUNQIANZAIHAIYANGNENGYUAN。

盈多多彩票APP  GENJUREN21 2020NIANBAOGAO,2019NIANQUANQIUHAIYANGNENGFADIANLIANGWEI45GWh。

全球海洋能潜力

  BOLANGNENGSHUYUHAIYANGNENGZHIYIZHONG。GENJUSUOCAIYONGDEJISHU,BOCHANGKEFENWEI8ZHONGLEIXING,RUBIAOMIANGENSUISHUAIJIANQI(Surface-following attenuator)、DIANXISHOUQI(Point absorber)、ZHENDANGBOLANGYONGBIANHUANQI(Oscillating wave surge converter)、ZHENDANGSHUIZHU(Oscillating water column)、YUELANG/ZHONGZHIQI(Overtopping/Terminator)、YANMEIYACHA(Submerged pressure differential)、GULANGZHUANGZHI(Bulge wave device)HEXUANZHUANZHILIANG(Rotating mass)。

全球11大波浪能电站

14、 风电场发电

盈多多彩票APP  FENGDIANCHANG(Wind Farm),YOUCHENG“FENGLIFADIANCHANG”。YOUYIPIFENGLIFADIANJIZUHUOFENGLIFADIANJIZUQUNZUCHENGDEDIANZHAN。TONGCHANGANZHAOFENGDIANCHANGZHIDEZHUDAOFENGXIANGHEDIXING,JIANGJIZUPAICHENGZHENLIE,JINLIANGJIANSHAOXIANGHUJIANDEWEILIUYINGXIANG。FENGDIANCHANGKEYIANZHUANGZAILUDISHANG,YEKEYIANZHUANGZAIHAIYANGSHANG。

  FENGLIFADIANDECHENGBENJIEJINTIANRANQIFADIAN,SHIMUQIANJIAOJINGJIDEZAISHENGNENGYUANZHIYI。HAISHANGFENGNENGBILUSHANGDUO40%DECHANNENG,DANZHUANGZHICHENGBENBILUDIGAO60%,BINGQIEFENGXIANGAO。JINGUANRUCI,YUCHENGBENANGGUIDEGUANGFUFADIANBIJIAO,FADIANLIANGDADELIANFENGLIFADIANRENGRANXIANSHICHUYOUYUEXING。

全球风电场装机容量(单位:GW)

  GENJUBP 2020NIANDEBAOGAO,2019NIANQUANQIUFENGDIANCHANGNIANZENGZHANG12.5%,FADIANLIANGWEI1429.6TWh,QIZHONGFADIANLIANGZUIDUODEGUOJIASHIZHONGGUO,ZHONGGUOYU2016NIANCHAOGUOMEIGUO,2019NIANZENGZHANG10.9%,FADIANLIANGWEI405.7 TWh,ZHANQUANQIUFENGDIANCHANGFADIANZONGLIANGDE405.7/1429.6=28.4%。

风电场发电最多的国家(TWh)

  14-1、陆地风电场

盈多多彩票APP  LUDISHANGZUIDADEFENGDIANCHANGSHIZHONGGUOGANSUJIUQUANFENGDIANJIDI。

全球十大陆地风电场

  14-2、海上风电场

盈多多彩票APP  HAIYANGZUIDADEFENGDIANCHANGZAIYINGGUOLUNDUNZHENLIE。ZHONGGUOZUIDADEHAISHANGFENGDIANCHANGSHIBINHAIBEIANFENGDIANCHANG(SPIC Binhai North Offshore Wind Farm),SHIJIEPAIXU19,ZHUANGJIRONGLIANG400MW。SPICSHIState Power Investment Corporation(GUOJIADIANLITOUZIGONGSI)DESUOXIE。

全球十大海上风电场

15、 太阳能发电

  TAIYANGNENGFADIAN(Solar Power)SHIJIANGTAIYANGNENGZHUANHUANCHENGDIANNENG。QIJIBENTUJINGYOULIANGZHONG:

  ⑴ GUANGFADIAN(Photovoltaics ,PV),JIGUANGFUFADIAN。JIANGTAIYANGNENGDIANCHIZUHEZAIYIQI,DAXIAOGUIMOGENJUXUYAOERDING,KEDULIFADIAN,YEKEBINGWANGFADIAN。SHIYONGJIAOGUANGDEYIZHONGZHUANGZHISHI“TAIYANGDIANCHIBAN”(YOUHENDUOGUANGDIANCHICHUANLIAN、BINGLIANERZUCHENGDEZHENLIE),KECHANSHENGRUOGANWAYIZHIQIANWAJIDEGONGLV。

  ⑵ REFADIAN(Solar thermal,CSP),JITAIYANGNENGREFADIAN。ZHUYAOSHIBATAIYANGDENENGLIANGJUJIZAIYIQI,CHANSHENGGAOWENLAIQUDONGQILUNJIFADIAN。REFADIANDEFANGFAJIAODUO。YOUYONGFANSHEJINGQUNBATAIYANGNENGJUJIDAOLIDIMIANSHUMIHUOGENGGAOCHUDEGUOLUSHANG,CHANSHENGZHENGQIQUDONGQILUNJIFADIANDE;YOULIYONGHAIMIANBEITAIYANGSHAIRE,SHUIWENSHENGGAO,ERSHENHAISHUSHIMIHUOBAIMICHUDEHAISHUIWENDUDI,YIYEANWEIGONGZHIZUCHENGRELIXITONGFADIANDE,CHENGWEI“TAIYANGNENGHAISHUIWENCHAFADIAN”。

  TAIYANGNENGREFADIANSUOZHANFENEHENXIAO,GUANGFUSHITAIYANGNENGFADIANZHUYAOXINGSHI。GUANGFUZHISHEXIANNENGLIANGDEZHIJIEZHUANHUAN。ZAISHIJIYINGYONGZHONGTONGCHANGZHITAIYANGNENGXIANGDIANNENGDEZHUANHUAN,JITAIYANGNENGGUANGFU。

盈多多彩票APP  GENJUREN21 2020NIANDETONGJI,2019NIANQUANQIUGUANGFUZHUANGJIRONGLIANGZENGJIALE115 GW,ZHUANGJIRONGLIANGDADAO627 GW。

全球光伏装机容量(单位:GW)

盈多多彩票APP  GENJUBP 2020DEBAOGAO,2019NIANQUANQIUTAIYANGNENGFADIANZHANQUANQIUFADIANZONGLIANGDE724.1/27004.7=2.7%,ZHANZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANZONGLIANGDE724.1/7261.3=10.0%,QIFENEJIAOSHAO,DANJINZHANJIAOKUAI。

  TAIYANGNENGFADIANZUIDUODEGUOJIASHIZHONGGUOHEMEIGUO,LIANGGUOZHIHEZHANQUANQIUTAIYANGNENGFADIANZONGLIANGDE30.9+15.0=45.9%。

太阳能发电最多的国家(单位:TWh)

  15-1、 平板光伏电站(Flat-panel photovoltaic)

  GUANGFUDIANZHANYIJINGSHISHANGYEHUADECHENGGONGYUNXINGDEFADIANZHAN。ZHONGGUOGUANGFUGONGYEFAZHANSHISHIJIESHANGZUIKUAIDE,DANSHIYUANLAIJUSHIJIEDIYI、SANWEIDETENGGELISHAMOTAIYANGNENGGONGYUANHEDATONGGUANGFULINGPAOZHEYIJINGBEIYINDUPAWAJIADATAIYANGNENGGONGYUANHEAIJIBENBANTAIYANGNENGGONGYUANQUDAI。

全球十大平板光伏电站

  15-2、 太阳能聚焦热电站(Concentrated solar therma)

  TAIYANGNENGJUGUANGFADIANSHIYIKAOJUGUANGJIREZHUANHUANCHENGRENENGZAIZHUANHUANCHENGDIANNENGJINXINGFADIAN。TAIYANGNENGREFADIANYOUJIRE、SHURE、CHURE、REJIAOHUANXITONGHEQILUNFADIANJIZUCHENG。TAIYANGNENGJIREXITONGYOUDIESHIJUGUANGXITONG、CAOSHIJUGUANGXITONGHETASHIJUGUANGXITONGSANZHONGLEIXING。TAIYANGNENGFADIANZHANTOUZIDA,JISHUSHANGBUCHENGSHU,MUQIANHAIWEIDAGUIMOTOURUSHANGYEYUNXING。

全球11大太阳能聚焦热电站

  15-3、 聚光光伏电站(Concentrator photovoltaic,CPV))

  JUGUANGGUANGFUDIANZHANSHIYOUGAOXIAOTAIYANGNENG、JUGUANGQI、ZHUDONGHUOBEIDONGLENGQUESHEBEI、DANZHOUHUOSHUANGZHOUGENZONGSHEBEI、JIAOLIU/ZHILIUKONGZHIXITONG、NIBIANQIHEXUDIANCHIDENGZHUANGZHIZUCHENG。LIYONGJUGUANGQIJINXINGJUGUANG,YIFANGMIANKEYITIGAODANWEIMIANJITAIYANGNENGFUSHELIANG,JIANGTAIYANGGUANGJUJIDAOHENXIAODEGAOXINGNENGTAIYANGNENGGUANGFUDIANCHIBIAOMIAN,CONGERTIGAOFUSHENENGLIANGMIDU、TIGAODANWEIMIANJITAIYANGNENGDIANCHIDESHUCHUGONGLV:YIDINGCHENGDUSHANGKEFULETAIYANGNENGLIANGDEFENSANXING;LINGYIFANGMIAN,TONGGUOSHIYONGJIAGEDILIANDECAILIAOZHIZAODEJUGUANGQI,CONGERKEYIDADAOJIANGDIANGGUIDETAIYANGNENGDIANCHICAILIAODESHIYONGLIANGHEGUANGFUFADIANXITONGZONGCHENGBEN。

  XIANGDUIYUCHUANTONGDEGUANGFUFADIAN,JUGUANGGUANGFUFADIANYOUMINGXIANDEYOUSHI。JUGUANGGUANGFUFADIANBIQITATAIYANGNENGFADIANMOSHIGENGJIESHENGTUDIZIYUAN,ZAITONGYANGDEZHANDIMIANJIXIA,JUGUANGGUANGFUFADIANKEYICHANSHENGDEDIANNENGSHICHUANTONGDETAIYANGNENGGUANGFUFADIANDELIANGBEI。YOUZHEIMEGAODEZHUANHUALVZHUYAOSHIYINWEIJUGUANGGUANGFUCAIYONGSHUANGZHOUGENZONGJISHU,YIZUIDAXIANDUDITIGAOTAIYANGGUANGFENGZHISHIHOUDELIYONGLV。DANGQIAN,GUANGFUFADIANDEXIAOLVTISHENGKONGJIANYOUXIAN,ERJUGUANGGUANGFUFADIANDEXIAOLVRENGZAIKUAISUTISHENG。ZAIYANGGUANGCHONGPEIHEGANZAODEHUANJINGXIA,JUGUANGGUANGFUNENGYUANCHENGBENGENGDI。

全球十大聚光光伏电站

16、 电力的国际贸易

盈多多彩票APP  QUANQIUNENGYUANMAOYISHIJISHANGSHIZHIHUASHIRANLIAOMAOYI,2019NIANMEI、SHIYOUHETIANRANQIDEGUOJIMAOYILIANGRUXIA:

  2019NIANSHIYOUJIQICHANPINDEGUOJIMAOYILIANG:

盈多多彩票APP  (YUANYOU+CHENGPINYOU)MAOYILIANG/YUANYOUCHANLIANG=(2239.0+1241.9)/4484.5=77.6%

  2019NIANTIANRANQIDEGUOJIMAOYILIANG:

  (GUANDAO+LNG)MAOYILIANG/TIANRANQICHANLIANG=(8015+4851)/39893=32.3%

  2019NIANYUANMEIDEGUOJIMAOYILIANG:

  MAOYILIANG/YUANMEICHANLIANG=35.28/157.86=22.3%

盈多多彩票APP  MUQIANRENGRANCHUYUSHIYOUSHIDAI,SHIYOUDEMAOYILIANGZUIDA。RENHENENGYUANDOUKEYIFADIAN,DANBUSHIRENHEDIANLIDOUKEYIJINRUDIANLISHICHANG,ZHIYOUNENGBEIYONGHUJIESHOUDENEIXIEJIAGECAIYOUZIGEJINRUDIANLIXIAOSHOUSHICHANG。JIUMUQIANERLUN,ANZHAOFADIANLIANGDEDAXIAOYICIWEIRANMEIFADIAN、RANQIFADIAN、SHUILIFADIANZUIDUO,QICIWEIFENGDIANCHANG、TAIYANGNENGFADIAN;QINGZHUYI,RANYOUFADIANQUEHENSHAO,YINWEISHIYOUDEYONGCHUTAIDUOLE。

  TIANRANQIHEDIANLIDEGUOJIMAOYIJUYOUHENQIANGDEWANGLUOXING,JITIANRANQITONGGUOGUANDAODAOHU,DIANLIJINGYOUDIANXIANLUDAOHU;YEJIUSHISHUO,TIANRANQIHEDIANLIDEMAOYISHUYUQUYUXINGNENGYUAN。

  DANSHITIANRANQIHEDIANLIYOUYOUHENDAQUBIE:

  1、TIANRANQIZHINENGZAIYOUQITIANSHENGCHAN,ERCHULESHUILIFADIANYIWAI,DIANLISHENGCHANFANGSHIDUOZHONGBINGCHANDIDUOCHU。

盈多多彩票APP  2、TIANRANQINENGGOUBEIQITARANLIAOSUOTIDAI,ERDIANLIZEBUNENG。

  3、TIANRANQIGUANDAOKUAGUOXIANLUSHUQIANGONGLI,ERDIANLIXIANJINYULINGUOXIANGLIAN。

  4、TIANRANQIGUOJIMAOYILIANGHENDA,MAOYILIANGKEDACHANLIANGDE30%ZUOYOU,ERDIANLIGUOJIMAOYILIANGJINWEI1~3%ZHIJIAN。

  SUIRANTIANRANQISHIQUYUXINGNENGYUAN,DANSHIZAISHANGSHIJI70NIANDAIQUANQIUFASHENGLENENGYUANWEIJI,LNGDEFAZHANCIJILEDIANLIDEFAZHAN,TEBIESHIRIBENLINGXIAN,DIANLIDEFAZHANYOULADONGLELNGDEFAZHAN,YEJIUSHISHUO,LNGSHIDETIANRANQICHONGPOLEQUYUXINGZOUXIANGQUANQIUHUALE。

  NEIME,DIANLIZENMECHONGBUPOQUYUXINGNI?

盈多多彩票APP  1、 DIANLIZHANGSHUDENENGYUANSUNSHIHENDA,QINGKANGUOJITIANRANQILIANMENG(IGU)DEBAOGAO《TIANRANQI—JINRIHEWEILAIDENENGYUAN(Natural Gas:The Energy for today and future 2017)》DI44YE。QINGDIANJI:

盈多多彩票APP  GAIYEJIANGSHUNENGYUANSHUSONGDESUNSHI,100FENTIANRANQINENGLIANGDAOYONGHUKEYIHUODE92FEN,ER100FENDIANLILAIYUAN,SHUSONGDAOYONGHU,ZHINENGHUODE32FEN。DIANLIMAOYIJINXIANYULINGUO(HUOZHESHUO,KAIYITIANQICHEPAOJIGEOUZHOUXIAOGUO)ERBUSHIZAIQUANQIUZUOSHENGYI。

  2、 HUASHIRANLIAOQUANQIUFENPEIBUPINGHENGJIUCHANSHENGLEGUOJIMAOYI,ERZAISHENGNENGYUANFENPEIHAISUANGONGZHENG。SHIJIEGEGUODOUHUIYOUXIANXUNQIUZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIAN,QISHULIANGBUGOUBUFENCAIJINKOUDIANLI。RUNEILUGUOJIANIBOERBUCHANHUASHIRANLIAO,SHUILIFADIANQUEHENQIANG,HUODESHANGHAO。

  TAIYANGJIRENLEICHUANGZAOLETAIYANGNENG、SHUINENG、SHENGWUZHINENG、HAIYANGNENG、HUASHIRANLIAODENGDENG,CONGLAIJIUBUYAOQIUFUFEI,KESHIZHEIXIENENGYUANLUODIDAOGEGEGUOJIAXIANGBIEGUOSUOQUJIUXUYAOFUFEILE。YINCI,QUANQIUDIANLIMAOYIHUOCHENGQUANQIUNENGYUANHULIANWANGSHIJISHANGZUOSHENGYI,DANGJINKOUDIANLIGAOYUDANGDIJIAGE,JINKOULIANGJIUHUISHOUDAOYINGXIANG。ZAITEGAOYA、CHUNENG、HAIDIDIANLANDENGJISHUCHENGSHUZHIQIAN,DIANLINANYIZHANGJULIYUNSHU。

  NEIMEYOUNENGYUANYANSHENGDEDIANLIJIUJINGMAOYIDADAOSHENMESHUIPING?QUANQIUDIANLIMAOYIBUXIANGHUASHIRANLIAONEIYANG,NIANNIANYOUXINSHUJU,NIANNIANYOUPINGLUN。XIANZAIBAMEIGUOZHONGYANGQINGBAOJU(CIA)2020NIAN1YUE31RIZHENGLIDESHUJURUXIA。BIAOZHONG%BIAOSHIJINCHUKOUMAOYILIANG/SHENGCHANLIANG。DIANLICHANLIANGKEYICAIYONGBPSHUJU。KEYIKANCHU,DIANLIGUOJIMAOYILIANGYIBANZAI3%ZUOYOU。

世界各国电力进口

盈多多彩票APP  DANGRAN,HENYIHANDIGAOSUNIN,BUHUICHAYUEDAONIANNIANGENGHUANDESHUJU。RUGUONINYAOLIJIE,KEYICHAMEIGUOZHONGYANGQINGBAOJUDEWANGZHAN:

QUANQIUDIANLIJINKOULIANG

盈多多彩票APP  http://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/fields/255rank.html

QUANQIUDIANLICHUKOULIANG

  http://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2234rank.html

  RUGUOYAOZHIDAOZUIXINDESHUJU,KECHAYUEEnerdataWANGZHAN《Global Energy Statical Yearbook(QUANQIUNENGYUANTONGJINIANJIAN)》,QINGDAKAI:

  http://yearbook.enerdata.net

  DIANJIElectricityXIANGMUXIADETrade,JI

  http://yearbook.enerdata.net/electricity/electricity-balance-trade.html

  KEYIKANJIANZHEIYANGDEDITU:

盈多多彩票APP  NINYONGSHUBIAOCHAGEGUODESHUJU,“+”JILUDIANLIJINKOULIANG。MAOYIJINKOU(+)YUCHUKOU(-)SHIPINGHENGDE,KEYIDEDAOXIABIAO:

2018年全球电力进口国的贸易量(单位:TWh)

盈多多彩票APP  GENJUBP 2019DEBAOGAO,2018NIANQUANQIUFADIANLIANGWEI26614.8 TWh,YINCI,2018NIANQUANQIUDIANLIMAOYILIANGWEI:

  271.34/26614.8=1.0%

  GUJIHAIYOUYIXIEGUOJIAMAOYILIANGBUDUOSHANGWEIJILU,DANNANYICHAOGUO2.0%。

  LINGWAI,SHIJIEDINGJICHUKOUGUO(World’s Top Exports)WANGZHANhttp://www.worldstopexports.com/HAITIGONGLEZUIXINDEMAOYISHUJUBINGYOUYINGLISHUJU(Electricity Exports by Country)。

  http://www.worldstopexports.com/electricity-exports-country/

  JINGUANCANYUDIANLIMAOYIDEGUOJIADUODABAIDUOGE,DANMAOYILIANGHENXIAO,HAIKANBUCHUZENGJIADEQUSHI,GENGJIAKANBUCHUHUIKUAZHOUDEQUANQIUDAMAOYI。

17、 常用电力单位换算

常用电力单位换算

  1 TWh=1 000GWh=1 000 000MWh=1 000 000 000kWh

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