盈多多彩票APP

英国海上风电市场项目融资模式创新实践

发布时间: 2020-08-27 11:37:56   来源:当代金融家  作者:

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  ZAIQUANQIUHAISHANGFENGDIANSHICHANGZHONG,YINGGUOQIBUJIAOZAO,QICHENGSHUDEHAISHANGYOUQIXINGYEJILEILEZHONGDUOHAISHANGFENGDIANFAZHANSUOXUDEZHUANYEJISHU、SHEBEIHERENYUAN。YINGGUOYONGYOUFENGFUYOULIANGDEHAIFENGZIYUAN、GAODUKAIFANGDEDIANLISHICHANG、ZHANGQIWENDINGDENENGYUANZHENGCE,YIJICHENGSHUFADADEJINRONGSHICHANG,YOULITUIDONGLEHAIFENGDIANLISHICHANGDEFAZHANHECHENGSHU。YINGGUOMUQIANYISHIQUANQIUZUIDADEHAISHANGFENGDIANSHICHANG,YONGYOUQUANQIUZUIDADEHAISHANGFENGDIANCHANGHEZUIXIANJINDEHAIFENGFADIANJISHU,ERQIEZAITOURONGZIMOSHISHANGJINXINGLEZHUOYOUCHENGXIAODECHUANGXIN。

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  英国海上风电场项目成本分析

  YIGEDIANXINGDEHAISHANGFENGDIANCHANGYOUWUGEZHUYAOBUFENZUCHENG:FENGJI、FENGJIJIANHAIDIDIANLAN、LIANBIANDIANZHAN、WAISHUHAIDIDIANLANYIJIZAIANBIANDIANZHAN。YOUYUHAISHANGFENGCHANGJIEGOUJIAOFUZA,JIASHANGHAISHANGSHIGONGSHOUHAICHUANGDIZHITIAOJIANHETIANQIYINGXIANGJIAODA,XIANGDUIQITAKEZAISHENGNENGYUANXIANGMU,HAISHANGFENGCHANGDEJIANSHENANDUJIAOGAO、JIANSHEFENGXIANYAODADEDUO。

  HAISHANGFENGDIANCHANGDESHENGMINGZHOUQIBAOKUOKAIFAZHUNBEI (1〜3NIAN)、SHENQINGHUOQUGUIHUAXUKE (1〜2NIAN)、SHEBEIHEFUWUCAIGOU(1〜2NIAN)、RONGZI(1〜2NIAN)、XIANGMUJIANSHE(1〜2NIAN)、XIANGMUYUNXING(SHEJISHOUMING25〜45NIAN)、TINGYUNCHAICHU(1NIAN)。GENJUYINGGUO《NENGYUANFAAN(2004NIAN)》,YINGGUOGONGSHANGYE、NENGYUANHECHANYEZHANLVEBU(BEIS)GUIDINGHAISHANGFENGDIANCHANGZAIYUNXINGQIJIESHUHOUYAOBEIANQUANCHAIXIE,YIZHONGXINHUIFUHAIYUHUANJING。YINCI,XIANGMUGUDONGXUYAOTIQIANZHUNBEIDIANZHANCHAIXIEJIHUAHEXIANGYINGDEZIJINANPAI。

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  YINGGUOHAISHANGFENGDIANCHENGBENKUAISUJIANGDIDEYINSUSHIDUOFANGMIANDE,ZHUYAOBAOKUOZHENGFUBUTIEFANGSHIDEYOUXIAOGAISHAN、HAIFENGFADIANJISHUDEKUAISUJINBU、HAISHANGFENGDIANCHANYELIANDEBUDUANCHENGSHUYIJIRONGZICHENGBENDECHIXUJIANGDIDENG。YINGGUOZAI2017NIANBINGQILEKEZAISHENGNENGYUANYIWU(renewable obligation,RO)MOSHI,GAIYONGCHAJIAHETONG(Contract for Difference,CfD)MOSHITIGONGZHENGFUKEZAISHENGNENGYUANBUTIE。ZHEIZHUYAOSHIYINWEIROMOSHIDEJINGZHENGCHUANDAOXINGBUGOU,ERCfDMOSHIWEIZHENGFUTIGONGLEStrike PriceZHEIYIGEZHONGYAOZHUASHOU,TONGGUOSHICHANGSHOUDUANBUDUANJIANGDIStrike PriceDEJIAGEDAOBIHAIFENGFADIANZHENGTIJINGJIXINGDETISHENG。

盈多多彩票APP  GAOXIAOFENGJIJISHUDEKUAISUSHENGJISHIHAIFENGFADIANCHENGBENJIANGDIZUIZHONGYAODEYINSU。QIDANJIRONGLIANGYOU2000NIANDE2MWKUAISUZENGDADAOMUQIANZHULIUDE8M〜9MW,TONGSHI13M〜15MWDEHAISHANGFENGJIYECHUYUJIJIYANFAJIEDUAN。DAFENGJIBUJINYOUXIAOJIANGDILEDANWEIMWDECapex,BINGQIEFADIANXIAOLVGENGGAO。CIWAI,ZHENGTIFENGCHANGDEJICHENGKONGZHIXITONGDEJINBUYETIGAOLEHAIFENGFADIANDEWENDINGXING。

  ZAIZHENGFUBUTIEZHENGCEFUCHIXIA,YINGGUOHAIFENGSHICHANGXUNMENGFAZHANCHANSHENGLEGUIMOXIAOYING,DAIDONGLEHAIFENGXINGYEBENTUHUACHENGDUDEKUAISUTIGAO。YILondon ArrayHEEast AngeliaFENGCHANGWEILI,LIANGGEFENGCHANGJUNGONGSHIJIANXIANGCHA4NIAN,XIANGMUJIANSHEZHONGYOUYINGGUOBENTUWANCHENGDEBUFENZECONG10%ZENGJIADAOLE50%。HAIFENGDIANCHANGJIANSHEBENTUHUADETISHENGBUJINYOUXIAOJIANGDILEJIANSHEHEYUNYINGCHENGBEN,ERQIEZENGJIALEYINGGUOBENTUJIUYEJIHUI,CHUANGZAOLELIANGHAODESHEHUIJINGJIXIAOYI。JIANYUHAISHANGFENGDIANZHANGSHENGDELIANGHAOJINGJIXIAOYI,YINGGUOZHENGFUYUYINGGUOHAISHANGFENGDIANXINGYEYU2019NIAN3YUELIANSHOUJIANLILEYIGEZHENGQILIANMENG(the Sector Deal),ZHILIYUJIANGYINGGUOHAIFENGCHANYEPEIYUCHENGQUANQIUZUILINGXIANDEKEZAISHENGNENGYUANJIDI。GAILIANMENGDEMUBIAOSHEJITISHENGHAIFENGCHANYELIANDEGEGEFANGMIAN,QIZHONGBAOKUOHAIFENGDIANCHANGJIANSHEDEYINGGUOBENTUHUACHENGDUJIANGYU2030NIANTISHENGDAO60%,BINGSHIXIANDUIWAICHUKOU5BEIZENGZHANGZHI260YIYINGBANG。

  HAISHANGFENGDIANSHIZIBENMIJIXINGXIANGMU,RONGZICHENGBENDUIXIANGMUCHENGBENYINGXIANGHENDA。YINGGUOKEZAISHENGNENGYUANZIXUNGONGSIBVG AssociatesYANJIUFAXIAN,DANGRONGZICHENGBEN(YIWACCBIAOSHI)YOU10%JIANGZHI5%,XIANGMULCOEXIAJIANGJIANGCHAOGUO30%,QIELCOEZHONGDEWACCZHANBIJIANGCONG1/2JIANGZHI1/3。SUIZHEHAISHANGFENGDIANCHANYEZHUJIANCHENGSHU,JISHUFENGXIANBUDUANJIANGDI,ZIBENSHICHANGDUIZHEIYILEIZICHANDEXINXINYUELAIYUEGAO,WULUNSHIGUQUANRONGZICHENGBENHAISHIZHAIQUANRONGZICHENGBENDOUZAIMINGXIANJIANGDI,JINQIGONGKAIDEXIANGMURONGZISHUJUXIANSHI,QIWACCYICHUYU5%〜6%DESHUIPING。

  英国海上风电项目融资结构特点

  YINGGUOHAISHANGFENGDIANSHICHANGDEFANRONGLIBUKAIJINRONGDEZHICHI。SUIZHEYUELAIYUEDUODEJINRONGJIGOUKAISHIZHONGSHIHAISHANGFENGDIANXIANGMU,JINGZHENGDEJIAJUZHIJIEDAOZHILERONGZICHENGBENDEXIAJIANG。RONGZIZIJINLAIYUANYEYOUZUICHUYIKAODANENGYUANQIYEDEZIYOUZIJINHEBUFENZHENGFUBUTIE,ZHUJIANBIANCHENGZHUYAOYIKAOXIANGMURONGZIMOSHIJINXINGKAIFA。

盈多多彩票APP  XIANGMURONGZITEZHIYIZHONGRONGZIJIEGOU,ZAICIJIEGOUZHONGXINDAIZIJINDEWEIYIBAOZHANG(security)SHIXIANGMUBENSHEN。ZHEIYIWEIZHEXIANGMUGONGSIDEGUDONGBINGBUTIGONGRENHEDANBAO,RUOFASHENGDAIKUANYUQIWEICHANG,ZHAIQUANRENYOUQUANQUDEXIANGMUDESUOYOUQUAN,DAITIYUANYOUGUDONGYUNXINGHUOBIANMAIXIANGMUHUODEZIJINSHOUHUIBENXI。

盈多多彩票APP  DIANXINGDEYINGGUOHAIFENGFADIANXIANGMURONGZIDEJIEKUANZHUTISHIXIANGMUGONGSI(ProjectCo SPV),RUTU2ZHONGDEWind Farm SPVSUOSHI。TONGCHANGWEILEGUQUANZHUANRANGDEBIANLI,XIANGMUGUDONGHUISHELIYIGEKONGGUFARENZHUTIHoldCoKONGZHIXIANGMUGONGSISPV。ProjectCoYESHIYUHAISHANGFENGDIANXIANGMUJIANSHEYUNYINGDEGEXIANGGUANFANGQIANDINGHETONGDEFARENZHUTI。YINGGUOHAISHANGFENGDIANXIANGMUZHUANGJIGUIMODA、RONGZIJINEGAO,YINCIDADUOTONGGUOZUJIANYINTUANDEFANGSHIMUJIZIJIN。ZIJINFANGZHUYAOSHIYINXING,DANJINNIANLAIJIJIANJIJINHEBAOXIANZIJINYEKAISHIJINRU。

  SUIZHEYINGGUOHAISHANGFENGDIANXIANGMUGUIMOYUELAIYUEDA,DUIRONGZICHENGBENKONGZHIYAOQIUYUELAIYUEGAO,XIANGMURONGZIDEJIEGOUHESHEJIDEPINZHONGYEGENGWEIFUZA。TU3LIECHULEYINGGUOHAISHANGFENGXIANGMUDEDIANXINGRONGZIJIEGOU,BAOKUOGUQUANRONGZIHEXIANGMUDAIKUAN。

  GUQUANZIJINZHURUXIANGMUGONGSIDESHIJIANDIANKEYISHIDAIKUANDAOWEIQIAN(upfront)、YUDAIKUANCHENGBILITONGSHIZHURU(pro rata)SHENZHIZAIMOUXIEQINGKUANGXIAKEZAIDAIKUANDAOWEIZHIHOUZHURU,XIANGMUGUDONGYEKECAIYONGZIBENJINGUOQIAODAIKUAN(Equity Bridge Loan)YANCHIZIYOUZIJINDEZHURU。YOUYUHAIFENGDIANCHANGDEJIANSHESHIMOKUAIHUADE,ZAIZHENGGEFENGCHANGQUANBUWANGONGQIAN,QIANQIYIANZHUANGLIANWANGDEFENGJINENGGOUFADIANCHANSHENGDIANFEISHOURU,CHENGZUOWANGONGQIANYINGSHOU(pre-completion revenue,PCR)。ZAIYINGGUOSHICHANGSHANG,ZHAIQUANRENYIBANJIESHOUJIYUP90FENGLIJIASHEERJISUANDEPCRZUOWEIZIBENJIN,ZHEIDIANYUZHONGGUOSHICHANGBUTONG。

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盈多多彩票APP  CIWAI,BUTONGDEDAIKUANPINZHONG,RUDINGQIDAIKUAN(term loan facility)HEXUNHUANDAIKUAN(revolving facility),TONGCHANGHUIDAPEIQILAISHIYONG。DINGQIDAIKUANZHUYAOYONGYUZHICHISHEBEICAIGOUHEGONGCHENGJIANSHE,XUNHUANDAIKUANZEMANZUJIANSHEGONGCHENGSHEJIDEJIAOYIZHIFUXUQIU。HAIFENGXIANGMURONGZIJIEGOUZHONGYEHUIBAOHANBEIYONGDAIKUAN(standby facility),ZAICHENGBENCHAOBIAOHUOSHISHIGONGYANCHIDESHIHOUTIGONGEWAIDEZIJIN。

盈多多彩票APP  CHULEYONGYUXIANGMUJIANSHEDEDAIKUAN,RONGZIJIEGOUZHONGHAIHUIPEIZHIQITALEIXINGDEDAIKUAN,TONGCHANGBAOKUOLIUDONGZIJINDAIKUAN、XINYONGZHENGHECHANGZHAICHUBEIDAIKUAN(debt service reserve facility, DSRF)。

  英国海风项目其他融资模式

  YINGGUOZAOQIDEXIAOXINGHAIFENGDIANCHANGTONGCHANGYOUZIJINXIONGHOUDENENGYUANGONGSISHIYONGZIYOUZIJINHUOCONGYINXINGHUODEDEPUTONGGONGSIXINDAIZIJINJINXINGKAIFAJIANSHE。ZHENGFUHUIDUIHEGEDEXIANGMUTIGONGBUZHUZIJIN,YIJILIHAIFENGFADIANJISHUDEFAZHANHECHANYEDECHENGZHANG。SUIZHEJINRONGSHICHANGDUIHAISHANGFENGDIANZICHANDERENZHIBUDUANSHENRU,RONGZIMOSHIYEZHUJIANBIANDEDUOYUANHUA。GENJUYINGGUOZHITONGHUIJISHISHIWUSUO(Grant Thorton)2018NIANFABUDEYANJIUBAOGAO,YINGGUOHAIFENGFADIANYIXIANGMURONGZIHEWU/YOUXIANZHUISUOQUANRONGZIWEIZHU,QICISHIQIYERONGZI,ZAIZHESHIZIBENSHICHANGHEZHAIQUANRONGZI。

盈多多彩票APP  ZHAIQUANRONGZIYIJIZIBENSHICHANGRONGZITONGCHANGYONGYUHAIFENGFADIANXIANGMUDEZAIRONGZI。DANGHAIFENGXIANGMUJUNGONGHOUJINRUWENDINGYUNYINGQI,JIANSHEFENGXIANBUZAICUNZAI,XIANGMUFENGXIANDADAJIANGDI,RONGZICHENGBENWANGWANGYESUIZHIJIANGDI。XIANGMUGUDONGTONGCHANGHUIXUANZEZAIRONGZIYONGYICHANGHAIZHIQIANDEGAOXIFUZHAI。YOUYUZHAIQUANLIUDONGXINGYUANGAOYUDAIKUAN,QIRONGZICHENGBENTONGCHANGYEJIAODI,YINCIHAIFENGXIANGMUDEZAIRONGZITONGCHANGTONGGUOZAIZHAIQUANSHICHANGFAXINGXIANGMUZHAIQUANJINXING。CHULEBIAOZHUNHUAZHAIQUAN,private placementDENGZIBENSHICHANGGONGJUYECHANGBEIYONGYUHAIFENGXIANGMUDEZAIRONGZI。

  英国海风融资模式对我国的启示

盈多多彩票APP  MUQIAN,WOGUODEKEZAISHENGNENGYUANXIANGMURONGZIHENDACHENGDUSHANGRENGYILAIYUXIANGMUGUDONGDEQIANGDANBAO,SHIJISHANGMEIYOUTUOLIZICHANFUZHAIBIAORONGZIMOSHI,DAOZHIBUSHAOYOUZHIXIANGMURENGRANMIANLINRONGZINAN、 RONGZIGUIDEWENTI。DUIBIYINGGUOHAIFENGFADIANRONGZIMOSHI,BIZHETICHUYIXIASANDIANJIANYI。

盈多多彩票APP  YISHIWANSHANXIANGMUDEJIEGOUXINGFENGXIANHUANSHIHEZHUANYIJIZHI。YINGGUODEHAIFENGFADIANXIANGMUCHONGFENKAOLVDAOLEXIANGMUJIANSHEHEYUNYINGQIJIANDEZHUYAOFENGXIAN,ZAIJIANSHEHEYUNYINGHETONGZHONGSHEZHILEliquidate damages、performance bond、ZHIJIEXIEYIDENGJIEGOUXINGFENGXIANHUANSHIHUOZHUANYIJIZHI,BAOZHANGLETOUZIZHEDEZIJINANQUAN。WEIQUEBAOZHEIXIEJIZHIDEYOUXIAOSHISHI,WANGWANGXUYAODISANFANGBAOXIANGONGSIHEGOUDIANFANGDECANYUHEPEIHE。MUQIAN,GUONEIYINXINGYUQITAJINRONGJIGOUDUIZHEIFANGMIANHAIBUGOULEJIEHEZHONGSHI。TONGSHI,CHULESHEJIHAIWAIYEWUDEDAXINGGUOQIHEMINYINGQIYE,HENDUOGONGCHENGGONGSIYEMEIYOUXINGCHENGGUIFANDEJIANSHESHIGONGBAOXIANCAOZUO。HAISHANGFENGDIANXINGYEDEZHUGUANBUMENHEXINGYEXIEHUIXUYAOGONGTONGNULI,JIAKUAITUIJINXIANGMUSHIGONGDEGUIFANHUAHEBIAOZHUNHUA。

盈多多彩票APP  ERSHIQIANGHUAXIANGMUDEDINGLIANGRONGZIFENXI。YINGGUODEHAIFENGFADIANXIANGMURONGZIHUIWEIJINRONGJIGOUTIGONGYIFENXIANGMUXIANJINLIUJINRONGMOXING,BINGJIYUMOXINGJISUANGEDANGDAIKUANDEEDU、GECHUBEIZHANGHUDEEDU、FENGXIANHUANSHIJIZHIDEBILIDENG,JINXINGMINGANDUFENXI,CESHIXIANGMURONGZIJIEGOUSHIFOUWENJIAN。GAIMOXINGHUIDINGQI(TONGCHANGMEINIAN)GENGXIN,FANYINGXIANGMUJIANSHEHEYUNYINGDESHIJIQINGKUANG,SUOYOUGUANYUXIANGMUDELINSHIBIANDONGDOUHUIJISHITIXIANZAIMOXINGDANGZHONG,BINGTIGONGJIJINRONGJIGOU。ERGUONEIDEHENDUOJINRONGJIGOUZAIJINDIAOHAIFENGXIANGMUSHI,WANGWANGHULVELEMOXINGDEZHONGYAOXING,DINGLIANGFENXIBUGOUSHENRU,ZHUYAOYIKAOXIANGMUGUDONGNENGFOUTIGONGQIANGDANBAOHENGLIANGXIANGMUDEFENGXIANSHIFOUKEKONG。CIWAI,GUONEIHAIFENGXIANGMUDEYEZHUTONGCHANGSHIYANGQIHEDAXINGGUOQI,HENDUOQINGKUANGXIAYEZHUBUYUANYITIGONGHUOSHIDINGQIGENGXINMOXING,JIJINRONGJIGOUZHUNQUEPINGGUXIANGMUFENGXIANDAILAIKUNNAN。

盈多多彩票APP  SANSHITIGAORONGZIMOSHIDEDUOYUANXING。YIFANGMIAN,ZHENGFUBEIJINGDEZIJINYINGJIXUFAHUI“DINGMAO”ZUOYONG,YOUXIAOJIANGDIXIANGMUDERONGZIFENGXIAN,JIFAGENGDUODEJINRONGJIGOUCANYUHAIFENGXIANGMUDETOUZI。SHOUZIGUANXINGUIYINGXIANG,ZHENGFUCHANYEJIJINDEZHICHIQUDAOJIAOZHIQIANYOUSUOSHOUZHAI,RUHEYOUXIAO、KECHIXUDIZHICHIXINNENGYUANXIANGMUXUYAOGEFANGGENGWEIGUANGFANDITANTAO。YINGGUODELVSETOUZIYINXINGMOSHIHUOXUKETIGONGYOUYIDECANKAO。LINGWAI,GUOJIAYINGMINGQUEZHENGCEXINGYINXINGHESHANGYEYINXINGCANYUHAIFENGFADIANXIANGMUDEJIEXIAN,BIMIANZHENGCEXINGZIJINPAIJISHICHANGZIJINDEXIANXIANG。LINGYIFANGMIAN,GUONEIMUQIANHAISHANGFENGDIANRONGZIHEZAIRONGZIRENGJUXIANYUYINXINGDAIKUANSHICHANG,ZIBENSHICHANGSHANGWEIFAHUIZUOYONG,YINGCHENGWEIWEILAIKUOCHONGRONGZIQUDAODEZHONGYAOFANGXIANG。

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