盈多多彩票APP

德国《国家氢能战略》对中国的启示

发布时间: 2020-08-10 11:23:34   来源:澎湃新闻  作者:

盈多多彩票APP  6YUE10RI,DEGUONEIGETONGGUOLE《GUOJIAQINGNENGZHANLVE》(NWS,YIXIAJIANCHENG《ZHANLVE》),ZHIZAITUIJINQINGNENGCHANYEFAZHAN,ZHANJUQINGNENGJISHULINGYUDEQUANQIULINGXIANDIWEI,CONGERLINGDAOQUANQIUQINGNENGFAZHAN。GAI《ZHANLVE》ZHIMINGLEWEILAIDEGUONENGYUANFAZHANDEFANGXIANGHEJIBENKUANGJIA,QUEDINGLEYOULIYUSHIXIANQIHOUMUBIAODEBIYAOBUZHOU,JIYOUZHUYUTIGAOGUOJINENGYUANHEZUO,YOUNENGWEIDEGUOJINGJICHUANGZAOXINDEJIAZHILIAN。ZHONGGUOYITICHUJINNIANJIANGZHIDINGGUOJIAQINGNENGZHANLVEGUIHUA,YANJIUDEGUO《ZHANLVE》CHUTAIBEIJINGJIZHUYAONEIRONGDUIZHONGGUOYOUYIDINGJIEJIANYIYI。

  《战略》出台的背景

  DEGUOYIYUJIEZHUQINGNENGZAORISHIXIANNENGYUANZHUANXINGMUBIAO。QINGNENGZUOWEIQINGJIE、ANQUANDENENGYUAN,KEYISHIXIANDITANSHENZHILINGPAIFANG,SHICUJINQUANQIUNENGYUANZHUANXINGDEZHONGYAOLUJING。

  DEGUOSHIQUANQIUNENGYUANZHUANXINGDEXIANXINGGUOJIAZHIYI,GENJUGUIHUA,DAO2030NIAN,WENSHIQITIPAIFANGLIANGJIAO1990NIANJIANGJIANSHAO55%,KEZAISHENGNENGYUANDEFADIANBIZHONGJIANGTISHENGZHI65%,2038NIANQIANGUANBISUOYOUDEMEITANHUOLIFADIANCHANG。

盈多多彩票APP  MUQIAN,DEGUOYISHISHILEYIXILIECUJINZHUANXINGDECUOSHI,BIRU,TUICHUHEDIAN,XIUDINGCHUTAI《KEZAISHENGNENGYUANFA》,SHELINENGYUANHEQIHOUJIJIN。2018NIANDEGUOKEZAISHENGNENGYUANXIAOFEIZHANDAONENGYUANXIAOFEIDE18%;2019NIAN,DEGUOTANPAIFANGZONGLIANGJIAO1990NIANXIAJIANGYUE35%,KEZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANLIANGZHAN46%。MUQIANLIMUBIAORENGCUNZAIYIDINGJULI,DEGUOJIWANGYUQINGNENGZAIQUANQIUFANWEIDELINGXIANFAZHAN,JINERSHIXIANQINENGYUANZHUANXINGMUBIAO。

盈多多彩票APP  DEGUOLITUCHENGWEIQUANQIUQINGNENGJISHUDELINGDAOZHE。DEGUOYIZHIZHONGSHIQINGNENGDEKAIFAYUYINGYONG。YIFANGMIAN,ZHUZHONGQINGNENGJISHUYANFA。BIRU,JIJIKAIFAKEZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANZHIQINGJISHU,LIYONGDIANWANGHETIANRANQIGUANWANGDENGJICHUSHESHIZUOWEICHUNENGSHEBEI,JIJIKAIFAYETIYOUJIQINGZAITICHUQINGJISHUBINGYISHANGYONG,QIANGHUAQINGRANLIAODIANCHIJISHUDEYANFAHETUIGUANGYINGYONG。

  LINGYIFANGMIAN,JIADAZHENGCEZHICHILIDU,CHENGLIGUOJIAQINGNENGYURANLIAODIANCHIJISHUZUZHI,SHISHI“GUOJIAQINGHEQINGRANLIAODIANCHIJISHUCHUANGXINJIHUA”,JIANLIQINGNENGSHIFANQU,WEIGOUMAIRANLIAODIANCHICHETIGONGZIJINBUTIE,YOUHUAJICHUSHESHI、GULIJIAQINGZHANJIANSHEDENG。

  6YUE4RI,DEGUOZHENGFUGONGBUDEYINGDUIYIQINGCHONGJICIJIJINGJIDE1300YIOUYUANJINGJIFUSUJIHUA,BACUJINQIHOUZHUANXINGHESHUZIHUAZHUANXINGZUOWEIMUBIAO,QIZHONGZHISHAOHUITOURU90YIOUYUANYONGYUFAZHANQINGNENG。CONGQUANQIUQINGNENGJISHUFAZHANLAIKAN,DEGUOZAIRANLIAODIANCHI、JIAQINGZHANDENGLINGYUYICHUBUQUELISHIJIELINGXIANDIWEI。

  DEGUOKANHAOQINGNENGDEWEILAISHICHANGFAZHANKONGJIAN。ZHANGQILAIKAN,QINGNENGDEGUOJIXUQIUJIANGDAFUZENGJIA。GUOJINENGYUANSHUSHUJUXIANSHI,QUANQIUDUIQINGNENGDEXUQIUCONG1975NIANDE1820WANDUNYISHANGSHENGDAO2018NIANDE7390WANDUN。GUOJIQINGNENGWEIYUANHUIYUCE,DAO2050NIAN,QINGNENGXUQIUJIANGSHIMUQIANDE10BEI,QINGNENGZHANQUANBUNENGYUANXIAOFEIDEBIZHONGJIANGDADAO18%。DEGUOTIANRANQIWANGLUOYUNYINGSHANGXIEHUIRENWEI,2030NIANQINGQIZAIDEGUOYUNSHUHEGONGYEBUMENDEXUQIUJIANGZENGZHANG37%。DEGUOMUQIANDEQINGNENGCHANLIANGYUEZHANQUANQIUZONGLIANGDE20%,WEILAISHANGSHENGKONGJIANJIAODA。

  《战略》的主要内容

盈多多彩票APP  《ZHANLVE》DEZHUYAONEIRONGGONGFENWEI5DABUFEN,QINGNENGDEQIANLIHEJIYU;GUOJIAQINGNENGZHANLVEMUBIAOHEYUANJING;QINGNENGDEXIANZHUANG、XINGDONGFANWEIHEWEILAISHICHANG;GUOJIAQINGNENGZHANLVEZHILITIXI;XINGDONGJIHUA,JISHISHIGUOJIAQINGNENGZHANLVEDECUOSHI。JUTILAISHUO,NEIRONGZHUYAOTIXIANZAIYIXIAFANGMIAN。

  MINGQUELIANGBUZOUFAZHANSILU,JINQIHANGSHIGUONEISHICHANGJICHU,ZHONGZHANGQITUOZHANOUZHOUYUGUOJISHICHANG。《ZHANLVE》DEMUBIAOSHIJIANGDIQINGNENGCHENGBEN,JIJIKAIFAQINGJISHU,TISHENGGONGYEJINGZHENGLI,BAOZHANGNENGYUANANQUANDENG。WEILESHIXIANZHEIXIEMUBIAO,《ZHANLVE》JIHUAFENLIANGBUZOU,CONG2020-2023NIAN,HANGSHIGUONEISHICHANGJICHU,BINGJIANGZAIZHIQING、GONGYE、GONGRE、JICHUSHESHI、GUOJISHICHANGKAITUOYUHEZUODENGLINGYUCAIQU38XIANGXINGDONG;2024-2030NIAN,ZAIGONGGUGUONEISHICHANGDEJICHUSHANG,TUOZHANOUZHOUDENGSHICHANG,FUWUDEGUOJINGJI。WEICI,DEGUOZHENGFUZAISHISHIGAIZHANLVEGUOCHENGZHONG,YAOZHENGHEQIHOU、NENGYUAN、CHANYEHECHUANGXINDENGZHENGCE。

  DAZAOQINGNENGJISHUHEXIN,SHIXIANJISHUCHUKOU。DEGUOQIDAICHENGWEIQINGNENGJISHULINGYUSHIJIEDIYI,YOUQISHILVQINGJISHU,YUTONGGUODAZAOGUONEISHENGCHANHEYINGYONGSHICHANG,DAIDONGCUJINQINGJISHUZAIQUANQIUDETUIGUANGYINGYONG,ZENGQIANGQINGNENGJINGZHENGLI,SHIXIANJISHUJINBUHEGUIMOXIAOYINGDELIANGXINGXUNHUAN。《ZHANLVE》TICHUYAOSHIXIANQINGNENGJISHUDEDAGUIMOCHUKOU,JINXINGQUANCHANYELIANJISHUYANJIU,TUPODIANJIE、QINGNENGSHENGWUSHENGCHANFANGFA、RANLIAODIANCHIDENGJISHU;2020-2023NIAN,NENGYUANYUQIHOUJIJINJIANGTIGONG3.1YIOUYUANYONGYULVQINGYANJIU;BINGTICHULE“QINGJISHU2030”JIHUA。

  BUJUWEILAISHICHANG,TUCHUYINGYONGLINGYUTUOZHAN。DEGUOTONGGUOFENXIWEILAIQINGNENGSHICHANGDEFAZHANQUSHI,RENWEIWEILAIZAIGONGYE、JIAOTONGYUNSHU、GONGREDENGLINGYUDUIQINGNENGDEXUQIUDOUJIANGZENGZHANG,YINGZHENDUIWEILAISHICHANGZHUANGKUANGJINXINGBUJU。《ZHANLVE》TICHULEZHIQING、YINGYONG、JICHUSHESHIDENGFANGMIANDESHISHICUOSHI,YOUQIZHUZHONGYINGYONG。ZAIZHIQINGFANGMIAN,ZHICHIGONGYEDIANJIECAO,TANSUODIANJIECAOYUNYINGSHANGYUTIANRANQIHUODIANWANGYUNYINGSHANGDEHEZUOMOSHI;ZAIYINGYONGFANGMIAN,QINGNENGYOUXIANKAOLVYINGYONGYUYUNSHUHEGONGYELINGYU,JIANSHAOGANGTIEHEHUAGONGXINGYEDEPAIFANG,ZHICHIGAOXIAORANLIAODIANCHIJIAREXITONG,CUJINGONGRELINGYUDEYINGYONG;ZAIJICHUSHESHIFANGMIAN,JIAKUAIJIAQINGZHANDEWANGLUOBUJU。

  GOUJIANZUZHIBAOZHANGTIXI,WANSHANJIANGUANJIZHI。WEIQUEBAO《ZHANLVE》DESHUNLISHISHI,GENJUSHICHANGFAZHANQINGKUANGJISHIDIAOZHENGXIANGGUANZHENGCE。《ZHANLVE》TICHUJIANLIDEGUOGUOJIAQINGNENGWEIYUANHUI,YOUJINGJI、KEXUEDENGLINGYU26WEIZHUANJIACHENGYUANZUCHENG。ZHENGFUHAIJIANGJIANLIYIGEQINGNENGXIEDIAOZHONGXIN,XIEZHUGEBUWEIHEQINGNENGWEIYUANHUIDEGONGZUO,JIANCECHANYEJINZHANQINGKUANG,BINGJINXINGPINGGU。WEIBAOZHANGLIANBANGZHENGFUHEZHOUZHIJIANDEXIEDIAOPEIHE,DEGUOJIANGCHENGLIXINDEGONGZUOZU,PINGGU《ZHANLVE》SHISHIQINGKUANG,BINGJIANGJIEGUOYINIANDUBAOGAOXINGSHICHENGXIAN。

  几点启示

盈多多彩票APP  ZHONGGUOZUOWEIZUIDADENENGYUANSHENGCHANHEXIAOFEIGUO,DANGQIANQINGQICHANLIANGYUEWEI2000WANDUN,SHIQUANQIUDIYICHANQINGDAGUO。DANMUQIANHAIYOUBUSHAOBORUOHUANJIE,BIRUZHIQING、CHUQINGDENGJISHUYUGUOJIXIANJINSHUIPINGCUNZAIMINGXIANCHAJU,XUZUOHAOYIXIAZHUNBEI。

  JINKUAIZHIDINGGUOJIACENGMIANDEFAZHANGUIHUA,QUEBAOQINGNENGCHANYEYOUXUFAZHAN。DEGUO、RIBEN、AODALIYADENGGUOYIXIANHOUZHIDINGQINGNENGGUOJIAZHANLVE,ZHANLVEBUJUZOUZAILEQIANMIAN。JINNIANZHONGGUOGUOMINJINGJIHESHEHUIFAZHANJIHUADEZHUYAORENWUZHIYI,JIUSHIZHIDINGQINGNENGCHANYEFAZHANZHANLVEGUIHUA。SUOYI,ZHONGGUOYINGJIAQIANGDINGCENGSHEJI,ZHIDINGGUOJIACENGMIANDEFAZHANZHANLVEHEFENJIEDUANFAZHANMUBIAO,MINGQUECHANYEFAZHANLUXIANTU,YINDAOQINGNENGCHANYEYOUXUFAZHAN。

盈多多彩票APP  JUJIAOHEXINGUANJIANJISHU,MINGQUEYINGYONGZHONGDIANLINGYU。

  YISHIPEIYUJISHUCHUANGXINTIXI。ZHENGHEQIYE、KEYANYUANSUODENGGEZHONGYOUSHIZIYUAN,JIAQIANGCHANYEJISHUZHONGXIN、ZHONGDIANSHIYANSHIDENGCHUANGXINPINGTAIJIANSHE,QIANGHUACHANXUEYANHEZUO,DAJIANKEJICHENGGUOZHUANHUAPINGTAI,CUJINKEJICHENGGUOZHUANHUA。

盈多多彩票APP  ERSHIZHELIKAIZHANHEXINGUANJIANJISHUGONGGUAN。ZHICHIGAOXIAODICHENGBENKEZAISHENGNENGYUANZHIQINGJISHUFAZHAN,JIAKUAIGAOYA、YETAICHUYUNJISHUYANJIU;JIAQIANGQINGRANLIAODIANCHIDIANDUI、GUANJIANCAILIAO、XITONGJICHENGDEYANJIU;ZHICHIQINGRANLIAODIANCHIDUOCHANGJINGYINGYONG,TUPOCHANYEFAZHANPINGJING。

  SANSHIJIAQIANGQINGNENGZAIJIAOTONG、GONGYE、JIANZHUDENGZHONGDIANLINGYUDETUIGUANGYINGYONG,TUIJINQINGNENGJICHUSHESHIJIANSHE,JIJITUIJINJIAQINGZHANBUJU,TANSUOJIAYOU、JIAQI、CHONGDIANHEJIAQINGZHANHEJIANMOSHISHIDIAN;TUIJINRANLIAODIANCHIGONGJIAOCHE、WULIUCHEDESHIFANYINGYONG。

盈多多彩票APP  JIANQUANGUANLIJIZHI,WANSHANJIANCEPINGGUTIXI。MUQIANZHONGGUOSHANGWEIJIANLIZHUANMENCUJINQINGNENGCHANYEFAZHANDEGUANLIBUMEN,MEIYOUXINGCHENGWANSHANDEGUANLITIXI。WEICI,YISHIYAOJIANLIHEWANSHANNENGYUAN、GONGXINDENGGEBUMENZHIJIANDEXIEDIAOJIZHI,MINGQUEGEZIDERENWUFENGONG,TANSUOXINDEJIANGUANMOSHI。ERSHIJIANQUANCHANYEFAZHANPINGGUJIZHI,JIANLIJIANQUANQINGNENGCHANYETONGJITIXI,DINGQIPINGGUCHANYEFAZHANQINGKUANG,DUIYUXINGSHIFAZHANBUXIANGSHIYINGDECUOSHIJINXINGDONGTAIDIAOZHENG。

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