盈多多彩票APP

我国可再生能源电力消纳机制出台的背景以及消纳机制的特点分析

发布时间: 2020-09-23 10:04:40   来源:国网能源院  作者:

  JINNIAN3YUE,GUOJIAFAGAIWEIHENENGYUANJULIANHEYINFALE《SHENGJIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONABAOZHANGSHISHIFANGANBIANZHIDAGANGDETONGZHI》,GUIDINGLESHENGJIXINGZHENGQUYUNEICHENGDANKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONAZERENDESHICHANGZHUTI,DUIXIAONAZERENDELVXING、KAOHE、RENWUFENGONGDENGNEIRONGYEZUOLEXIANGXISHUOMING,WEIGESHENGZHIDINGKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONAFANGANTIGONGLECANKAO,BIAOZHIZHEWOGUOKEZAISHENGNENGYUANXIAONAJIZHIJIANGJINRULUODIZHIXINGJIEDUAN。BENWENDUIWOGUOKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONAJIZHICHUTAIDEBEIJINGYIJIXIAONAJIZHIDETEDIANJINXINGFENXI,BINGCONGMIANLINTIAOZHANDEJIAODU,ZHENDUIRUHEWANSHANXIAONAJIZHITICHUXIANGGUANJIANYI。

  一、消纳机制出台的背景

  JINNIANLAI,ZAINENGYUANGEMINGZHANLVEDEZHIYINXIA,WOGUOKEZAISHENGNENGYUANBAOCHIKUAISUFAZHANTAISHI。JIEZHI2019NIANDI,QUANGUOKEZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANZHUANGJIDA7.94YIQIANWA,NIANFADIANLIANGDA2.04WANYIQIANWASHI,LIANGXIANGZHIBIAOJINWUNIANDEPINGJUNZENGSUFENBIEWEI13.1%HE11.2%。WEICUJINKEZAISHENGNENGYUANXIAONA,GUOJIACHUTAILEYIXILIECUOSHI,QIDIANLVZHUBUXIAJIANG。2019NIANQUANGUOKEZAISHENGNENGYUANQIDIANLIANGYUE515YIQIANWASHI,BISHANGNIANXIAJIANGYUE395YIQIANWASHI,“SANQI”(QIFENG、QIGUANG、QISHUI)XIANXIANGSUIYOUSUOHAOZHUAN,DANYIRANXIANGDANGYUSHEQILECHAOGUO1/2GESANXIADIANZHANDEFADIANLIANG(2019NIANSANXIADIANZHANFADIANLIANGWEI968.8YIQIANWASHI),RENGYOUXIANGDANGDADETISHENGKONGJIAN,QIESUIZHEKEZAISHENGNENGYUANSHENTOULVDETIGAO,XIAONAYALIJIANGJINYIBUTUXIAN。SUIZHEWEILAIJINIANFENGDIAN、GUANGFUPINGJIASHANGWANGDETUIGUANGHEBUTIEDETUICHU,RUHECONGJIZHISHANGBAOZHENGKEZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANZHANGQIWENDINGFAZHANYEMIANLINTIAOZHAN。

  WEIJIEJUEKEZAISHENGNENGYUANFAZHANMIANLINDEWENTI,2019NIAN5YUE,GUOJIAFAGAIWEIYINFA《GUANYUJIANLIJIANQUANKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONABAOZHANGJIZHIDETONGZHI》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《TONGZHI》),MINGQUELEANZHAO“GUIHUADAOXIANG,FENQUSHEDING”DEYUANZELAIQUEDINGGESHENGKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONAZERENQUANZHONG,JIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIANGZHANQUANSHEHUIYONGDIANLIANGDEBIZHONG,BINGQIEGENJUZHONGDAKEZAISHENGNENGYUANXIANGMUHESHUDIANTONGDAOJIANSHEQINGKUANGANNIANDUDONGTAIDIAOZHENG。SHENGJINENGYUANZHUGUANBUMENANZHAO“QUYUTONGCHOU,BAOZHANGLUOSHI”DEYUANZE,JIANGSUOXUXIAONADEKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIANGFENJIEZHIQUYUNEIDESHOUDIANGONGSIHEDIANLIYONGHU,BINGJIANDUKAOHEQIWANCHENGQINGKUANG。JINNIAN3YUEYINFADE《SHENGJIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONABAOZHANGSHISHIFANGANBIANZHIDAGANGDETONGZHI》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《DAGANG》)JINYIBUMINGQUELEGUANLIJIZHIHERENWUFENGONG,BINGWEISHENGJINENGYUANZHUGUANBUMENBIANZHIBENDIQUDEJUTIBAOZHANGSHISHIFANGANTIGONGLECANKAOMOBAN。《TONGZHI》MINGQUELEKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONABAOZHANGJIZHIDEZHENGTISILU,《DAGANG》JINYIBUDUIBAOZHANGJIZHIDELUODISHISHIHEGESHENGDEDAGANGBIANZHITIGONGLECANKAO,LIANGZHEYIMAIXIANGCHENG,GONGTONGJIANLILECUJINKEZAISHENGNENGYUANXIAONADEZHANGXIAOJIZHI,YOULIYUDIAODONGQUANSHEHUILILIANGGONGTONGTUIDONGKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDEKAIFAYULIYONG。

  二、可再生能源电力消纳保障机制分析

盈多多彩票APP  《TONGZHI》HE《DAGANG》GONGTONGQUELIDEKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONABAOZHANGJIZHIKEYICONGSHICHANGZHUTIDEHUAFEN、XIAONAZERENQUANZHONGDEFENPEI、XIAONAZERENDELVXINGFANGSHIYIJIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONADEZUZHISIGEFANGMIANLAIFENXI。

  CONGCHENGDANKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONAZERENDESHICHANGZHUTILAIKAN,KEYIFENWEILIANGLEI。DIYILEISHICHANGZHUTIBAOHANSHENGJIDIANWANGQIYE、SHENGSHUDIFANGDIANWANGQIYE、GELEIZHIJIEXIANGDIANLIYONGHUGONG(SHOU)DIANDEQIYE、DULISHOUDIANGONGSIYIJIYONGYOUPEIDIANWANGYUNYINGQUANDESHOUDIANGONGSI。WULUNSHIDIANWANGQIYE,HAISHISHOUDIANQIYE,DOUSHICHENGDANYIGEPIFAZHUANLINGSHOUDEJIAOSE,BINGBUZHIJIEXIAOHAODIANLI。DANSHIJIESHOUDIANWANGQIYEHESHOUDIANQIYEGONG(SHOU)DIANFUWUDEDIANLILINGSHOUYONGHUBINGMEIYOUNENGLIXUANZEZIJISUOYONGDIANLIANGDEDIANYUANGOUCHENG,SUOYIYOUDIYILEISHICHANGZHUTIZUOWEIDAILITONGGUOGOUMAIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLILAIWANCHENGXIAONAZEREN。DIERLEISHICHANGZHUTIBAOHANTONGGUODIANLIPIFASHICHANGGOUDIANDEDIANLIYONGHUHEYONGYOUZIBEIDIANCHANGDEQIYE,ZHEILEISHICHANGZHUTIYOUNENGLIZIJIXUANZEYONGDIANLAIYUAN,CONGERKEYIZHUDONGDIWANCHENGXIAONAZEREN。ANZHAORUCIHUAFEN,JIKAOLVLEWOGUODANGQIANDIANLITIZHIDESHIJIQINGKUANG,TONGSHIYESHIXIANLEYOUQUANSHEHUIDIANLIYONGHUGONGTONGCHENGDANKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONADEXIAOGUO,TIXIANLEXIAONAJIZHIDEGONGPINGXING。

  CONGKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONAZERENQUANZHONGFENPEILAIKAN,KEYIFENWEILIANGGEZHIBIAOHELIANGGECENGCI。LIANGGEZHIBIAOSHIZHI“ZONGLIANGXIAONAZERENQUANZHONG”HE“FEISHUIDIANXIAONAZERENQUANZHONG”LIANGGEZHIBIAO,ZHUYAOSHIKAOLVDAOSHUIDIANSHOUNIANFENLAISHUILIANGYINGXIANGBODONGJIAODA,BIMIANDUIFENGDIAN、GUANGFUDENGFEISHUIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONAZAOCHENGYINGXIANG。LIANGGECENGCISHIZHISHOUXIANZAISHENGJIXINGZHENGQUYUZHEIGECENGCIQUEDINGXIAONAZERENQUANZHONG,RANHOUZAIQUYUNEIGEGESHICHANGZHUTIZHIJIANJINXINGFENPEI。SHENGJIXINGZHENGQUYUXIAONAZERENQUANZHONGZHUYAOSHIGENJUQUYUNEISHENGCHANDEKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLI、QUYUWAIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIJINGSHURULIANG,YIJIQUANSHEHUIZONGYONGDIANLIANGDEYUCEZHILAIQUEDINGDANGNIANYINGDADAODEKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIANGBIZHONG,RANHOUZAIGENJUGESHICHANGZHUTIDESHIJISHOUDIANLIANGHUOYONGDIANLIANGJINXINGFENPEI。CONG《DAGANG》JICHUDEFANGANBIANZHIMOBANLAIKAN,GESHENGKEYIDUIDIANWANGQIYE、SHOUDIANQIYE、TONGGUODIANLISHICHANGGOUDIANDEYONGHUYIJIYONGYOUZIBEIDIANCHANGDEQIYEZHIDINGBUTONGDEXIAONAZERENQUANZHONG。YINWEIBUTONGSHICHANGZHUTIGOUMAIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIDENENGLIYOUSUOBUTONG,LIRUDIANWANGQIYEYOUYUCHENGDANZHEQUANESHOUGOUKEZAISHENGNENGYUANBAOZHANGXINGNIANLIYONGXIAOSHISHUNEIFADIANLIANGDEZEREN,ERTONGGUOSHICHANGHUAGOUDIANDEYONGDIANQIYEZHINENGGOUMAIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANBAOZHANGXINGSHOUGOUDIANLIANGYIWAIDESHICHANGJIAOYIDIANLIANG,YOUKENENGDAOZHIBUTONGSHICHANGZHUTICHENGDANBUTONGDEXIAONAZERENQUANZHONG。DANGRAN,SHIJIQINGKUANGHAIXUGESHENGJINENGYUANZHUGUANBUMENJIEHEZISHENTEDIANZAIBENSHENGDESHISHIFANGANZHONGJIAYIMINGQUE。

  CONGSHICHANGZHUTIWANCHENGKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONALIANGDETUJINGLAIKAN,KEYIFENWEILIANGZHONGFANGSHI。DIYIZHONGWEIZHIJIEXIAOFEIDIANLIDEFANGSHI,SHIZHUYAOFANGSHI,BAOKUOZHIJIEGOUMAIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIHEZIFAZIYONGKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLI,ANZHAOSHIJIJIAOYIJIESUANDIANLIANGHEZIFAZIYONGDIANLIANGJIRUSHICHANGZHUTIDEXIAONALIANG。DIERZHONGWEIJIANJIEGOUMAIDENGJIAWUDEFANGSHI,SHIBUCHONGFANGSHI,BAOKUOGOUMAIQITASHICHANGZHUTIDECHAOEXIAONALIANGHEGOUMAIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANQIYEDELVZHENG,JIAOYIHOUDECHAOEXIAONALIANGHUOLVZHENGDUIYINGDEDIANLIANGJIRUGOUMAIFANGDEXIAONALIANG。YULVZHENGJIAOYIDEXIANJIESHICICIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANXIAONABAOZHANGJIZHIDEYIDALIANGDIAN。SUIRANZAOZAI2017NIANGUOJIAJIUCHUTAILELVZHENGJIAOYIZHIDU,DANSHIYOUYUCIQIANYIZHISHIZIYUANGOUMAI,BINGMEIYOUYUKEZAISHENGNENGYUANXIAONAJINXINGYUESHUXINGGUAGOU,GENJULVZHENGRENGOUPINGTAISHANGDESHUJUJISUAN,MUQIANLVZHENGDEJIAOYILIANGJINZHANHEFALIANGDE0.14%,YUANWEIXINGCHENGGUIMOHUADELVZHENGJIAOYISHICHANG。CICIXIAONABAOZHANGJIZHIZHONGMINGQUESHICHANGZHUTIKEYITONGGUOGOUMAILVZHENGLAIDIXIAOWEINENGWANCHENGDEKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONALIANG。TONGSHI,GENJU《GUANYUCUJINFEISHUIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANJIANKANGFAZHANDERUOGANYIJIAN》,ZI2021NIAN1YUE1RIQI,KEZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANQIYEJIANGQUANMIANTONGGUOLVZHENGJIAOYIHUODESHOURUTIDAICAIZHENGBUTIE。YILVZHENGWEINIUDAIJIANGKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIYUESHUXINGXIAONAYUKEZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANBUTIELIANXIQILAI,YOUWANGJIFALVZHENGJIAOYISHICHANG,BANGZHUKEZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANQIYEHUILIUZIJIN,BINGJIANQINGZHONGYANGCAIZHENGBUTIEDEYALI。ZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,YOUYUGOUMAILVZHENGHEGOUMAIQITASHICHANGZHUTIDECHAOEXIAONALIANGSHILIANGZHONGKEHUXIANGTIDAIDEFANGSHI,YINCICONGZHANGQILAIKANCHAOEXIAONALIANGHELVZHENGLIANGZHEDEJIAOYIJIAGEHUISHIXIANYIZHONGDONGTAIPINGHENG。ERQIESUIZHEFEISHUIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANCHENGBENDEZHUBUXIAJIANG,LVZHENGJIAGEYEJIANGZHUBUZOUDI,SHICHANGZHUTITONGGUOBUCHONGFANGSHIWANCHENGXIAONAZERENQUANZHONGDECHENGBENZHANGQILAIKANJIANGCHENGXIAJIANGQUSHI。

盈多多彩票APP  CONGKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONADEZUZHILAIKAN,ZHUYAOSHEJINENGYUANZHUGUANBUMEN、JIAOYIJIGOU、QIYESANLEIJIGOU。GUOWUYUANNENGYUANZHUGUANBUMENFUZEQUEDINGBINGKAOHESHENGJIXINGZHENGQUYUDEXIAONAZERENQUANZHONG,SHENGJINENGYUANZHUGUANBUMENFUZEBENXINGZHENGQUNEISHICHANGZHUTIXIAONAZERENQUANZHONGDEFENPEI、KAOHEYIJIDUIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANXIAONABAOZHANGJIZHIDELUOSHIJINXINGJIANDU。DIANLIJIAOYIJIGOUFUZEZUZHIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIDEJIAOYIYIJICHAOEXIAONALIANGDEJIAOYI,LVZHENGJIAOYIJIGOUZEFUZEZUZHILVZHENGDEJIAOYI。CHUDIANWANGQIYEWAIDESHOUDIANQIYE、YONGDIANQIYEDENGZUOWEICHENGDANXIAONAZERENDESHICHANGZHUTI,FUZEZAIJIAOYIJIGOUANZHAOGUIDINGZHUCEZHANGHUBINGLVXINGXIAONAZEREN。ERDIANWANGQIYECHULELVXINGXIAONAZERENWAI,HAICHENGDANZHEZUZHIJINGYINGQUNEISHICHANGZHUTIWANCHENGXIAONAZERENQUANZHONGDERENWU。ZHEILIDEZUZHIRENWUBAOKUOLEDUIJINGYINGQUNEICHENGDANXIAONAZERENQUANZHONGDESHICHANGZHUTIDEYONG(SHOU)DIANLIANGJINXINGZHUNQUEJILIANGHESHANGBAO,YIJIDUIYUQUANEBAOZHANGXINGSHOUGOUDEKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIANG,KOUCHUFEIJINGYINGXINGYONGHUYONGDIANHEFEISHICHANGHUAYONGDIANLIANGDUIYINGDEXIAONAZERENHOU,SHENGYUBUFENZAIJINGYINGQUNEISHICHANGZHUTIZHIJIANJINXINGFENPEIDENGGONGZUO。

  三、面临的挑战及相关建议

  《TONGZHI》HE《DAGANG》DECHUTAI,MINGQUELEZHENGFU、JIAOYIJIGOU、DIANWANGQIYE、SHOUDIANGONGSIYIJIDIANLIYONGHUZAIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONAZHONGDEJUTIZEREN,YOUWANGXINGCHENGQUANSHEHUIGONGTONGCANYUDEKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONAFENWEI,TIGAOWOGUOKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONASHUIPING,YOULITUIDONGWOGUONENGYUANJIEGOUZHUANXING。DANSHIXIANGGUANJIZHIZAILUOSHIGUOCHENGZHONGRENGMIANLINYIXIETIAOZHAN,JIANYI:

盈多多彩票APP  YISHIJINYIBUMINGQUEKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONAYULVZHENGJIAOYIDEXIANJIEJIZHI。MUQIANRENGYOUDALIANGKUANIANDUDECUNLIANGLVZHENGSHANGWEIJIAOYI,ERKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIXIAONAZERENQUANZHONGSHIANNIANDUKAOHEDE,SHICHANGZHUTINENGFOUJIAOYIKUANIANDUDELVZHENGLAIDIXIAODANGNIANDEXIAONALIANGSHANGWEIMINGQUE。CIWAI,MUQIANBUTONGSHENGFEN、BUTONGLEIXINGKEZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANQIYEDELVZHENGJIAGECUNZAIJIAODACHAYI,YOUXIEDIZHI129YUAN,YOUXIEGAODA873YUAN,WEILAICHENGDANXIAONAZERENQUANZHONGDESHICHANGZHUTIRUHEGOUMAILVZHENG,CAIYONGSHUANGBIANJIAOYIHAISHIJIZHONGJINGJIAJIAOYIDENGWENTIYEXUJINYIBUMINGQUE。XIANGGUANJIZHISHEJIGUOCHENGZHONGRUHEQUEBAOLVZHENGJIAGECHUYUYIGEHELIQUJIAN,PINGHENGHAOKEZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANQIYEHEXIAONAZERENZHUTIZHIJIANDELIYI,HAIXUYAOXIANGGUANJIGOUJIAQIANGYANJIU。

盈多多彩票APP  ERSHIJINYIBUJIAQIANGLINGHUOXINGZIYUANHEPEITAODIANWANGDETONGCHOUGUIHUA。SHENGJIXINGZHENGQUYUXIAONAZERENQUANZHONGDEQUEDINGYUBENQUYUNEIDEKEZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANLIANGYIJISHUSONGTONGDAODENENGLIMIQIEXIANGGUAN,GESHENGZAIDALIKAIFAKEZAISHENGNENGYUANXIANGMUDETONGSHI,YINGXIEDIAOHAOHAOPEITAODIANWANGSONGCHUGONGCHENGDEJIANSHE。CIWAI,YINGCHONGFENZHONGSHIXITONGLINGHUOZIYUANDEZHONGYAOXING,TONGGUOHUODIANJIZULINGHUOXINGGAIZAO、ZENGJIARANQIDIANZHANDENGFANGSHI,GONGTONGTISHENGBENDIQUDEKEZAISHENGNENGYUANXIAONANENGLI。

  SANSHIJINYIBUFENGFUDIANLIJIAOYIPINZHONG、WANSHANDIANLISHICHANGJIANSHE。CHULESHAOBUFENJUYOUZIFAZIYONGNENGLIDEDIANLIYONGHUWAI,SHICHANGZHUTIWANCHENGXIAONARENWUDEZHUYAOSHOUDUANJIUSHITONGGUODIANLISHICHANGGOURUKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLI。DANSHI,MUQIANZAIBUFENSHENGJIDIANLIJIAOYISHICHANGZHONG,KAOLVDAOHUODIANZHANBIJIAOGAO、XITONGANQUANYUNXINGYALIDENGDUOFANGMIANYINSU,SHOUDIANGONGSIHUOJINGYINGXINGDIANLIYONGHUSHANGWUFATONGGUOSHICHANGHUASHOUDUANZHIJIEGOUMAIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLI。JINGUANMUQIANDEXIAONAJIZHIZHONG,DIANWANGQIYEKEYIJIANGSHENGYUDEBAOZHANGXINGSHOUGOUKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANLIANGWUCHANGFENPEIJIQITASHICHANGZHUTI。DANCONGZHANGYUANKAOLV,YINGZHUBUWANSHANDIANLISHICHANGJIAOYIJIZHI,FENGFUJIAOYIPINZHONG,FAHUIXIAOFEIDUANSHICHANGZHUTIDEXIAONANENGLI,LIYONGSHICHANGHUASHOUDUANTIGAOKEZAISHENGNENGYUANLIYONGLV。

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      关键词: 可再生能源
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