盈多多彩票APP

电力市场化改革对发电企业所造成的影响分析及应对策略

发布时间: 2020-09-11 10:41:27   来源:《中国电业》  作者:谈鹏 刘静

  ZHAIYAO:DIANLIZUOWEINENGYUANSHICHANGZHONGDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGZHIJIEGUANXIDAORENMENDERICHANGSHENGHUO,YINCIJIAQIANGDIANLIXINGYEDEGAIGEHEFAZHANSHIZAIBIXING。DIANLIQIYEBENSHENJUYOULONGDUANXINGTEZHI,YINCIRUHESHIXIANDIANLIXINGYEKEXUEHUAGAIGEYICHENGWEIQUANQIUMIANLINDEGONGTONGKUNNAN。

  GUANJIANCI:DIANLISHICHANG;JIANGDI;YONGDIANCHENGBEN;

  (LAIYUAN:ZHONGGUODIANYE ZUOZHE:TANPENG LIUJING GUOWANGSHANDONGSHENGDIANLIGONGSIYUCHENGSHIGONGDIANGONGSI SHANDONGDEZHOU 251200)

  YINYAN

盈多多彩票APP  DIANLISHICHANGHUAJIAOYI,ZHUYAOMUDEJIUSHIWEILEJIANGDISHUPEIDIANJIAFUDAN。JINNIANLAI,ZAIHONGGUANJINGJIZENGSUXIAXINGDABEIJINGXIA,QIYEJINGYINGZAOYULEHUODUOHUOSHAODENANTI,WEILERANGQIYEJINKENENGDIQINGZHUANGSHANGZHEN,JUECECENGYIZHIZHILIYUJIANGDIBAOKUOYONGDIANJIAGEZAINEIDECHENGBEN。RIQIANZHAOKAIDEGUOWUYUANCHANGWUHUIYIQUEDINGLECUJINZHIZAOYEWENZENGZHANGDECUOSHI,TICHUYAOJIXUSHISHIYIZHIZAOYEWEIZHONGDIANDEJIANSHUIJIANGFEICUOSHI,TUIDONGJIANGDIZHIZAOYEYONGDIANCHENGBENHEQIYEDIANXINZIFEI,QUANBUFANGKAIGUIMOYISHANGGONGYEQIYECANYUDIANLISHICHANGHUAJIAOYI。

  1电力市场化改革的重要性

盈多多彩票APP  DIANLISHICHANGHUAGAIGESHIQUEBAODIANLIXINGYEGEFANGSHICHANGSHILIJINXINGLIANGXINGJINGZHENGDEYOUXIAOFANGSHI,NENGGOUYOUXIAOJIANGDIEXINGJINGZHENGDEFASHENGLV,TIGAODIANLIQIYESHICHANGJINGZHENGHUOLI。YOUCIKEJIAN,JIAQIANGDIANLISHICHANGHUAGAIGESHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODE。ZAISHICHANGHUAGAIGEJINCHENGZHONG,DIANLIZIYUANDESHIYONGLVDEDAOLETIGAO,JIANGDILEWURANPAIFANGLIANG,ZUNXUNLEWOGUOKECHIXUFAZHANZHANLVEDEYAOQIU,DEDAOLEJINGJIYUHUANBAOHEXIEFAZHANDEMUDE。YINCIDUIDIANLIXINGYESHISHISHICHANGHUAGAIGEWUYONGZHIYI,XIANGGUANBUMENYAOJIYUPEIHE,SHIXIANDIANLIXINGYELIANGXINGSHICHANGGAIGE。

  2电力市场化改革对发电企业所造成的影响分析

  2.1JINGYINGFANGSHIHUIFASHENGBIANHUA

  JINGLILEDIANLISHICHANGHUAGAIGEZHIHOU,CENGJINGDEYILAIZHENGCEYUWENDINGDIANLIANGDIANJIALAIYUNYINGDEJUMIANJIANGFASHENGJIAODAZHUANBIAN。FADIANQIYEYAOXIANGTIGAOFADIANLIANGBINGHUOQUGENGDUOSHOUYI,JIUXUYAOZHUDONGDAOSHICHANGSHANGXUNZHAOZIYUAN,ERBUSHISHOUZHUDAITU。TONGSHIGONGZUOZHONGXINYEYAOFASHENGZHUANYI,YAOCONGYIWANGDEDANCHUNJIHUADIANLIANGZHUANBIANWEIDAYIDONGBA,YEJIUSHIYAOZHONGSHISHICHANGJIAOYIDIANLIANG,YICIGENSHANGSHICHANGGAIGEFAZHANDEBUFA。

  2.2 JINGYINGNANDUYUFENGXIANJIANGZENGJIA

盈多多彩票APP  MIANDUISHICHANGHUAGAIGE,DIANLIQIYEZHIJIANDEJINGZHENGHUIBIANDEYUJIAJILIE,ERYAOZAIZHEIYANGDEHUANJINGZHONGZHENGQUGENGDUOJIAOYIDIANLIANG,DADAOFADIANXIAOYIZUIDAHUADEMUDE,JIUXUYAOCAIQUKEXUEDEJINGYINGJUECE,TIGAOCHENGBENKONGZHISHUIPINGHEDUIWAIXIEDIAODENENGLI。YUCITONGSHI,FADIANQIYEHAIYAODUINEIBUSHENGCHANYUNYINGDEGEGEHUANJIEJINXINGDIAOZHENG,ZENGQIANGXIEZUOPEIHE。ZHEIDOUSHUOMINGFADIANQIYEDEJINGYINGNANDUYOUSUOTIGAO。LINGWAI,CONGSHICHANGZHUNRUDEJIAODUKAN,YIBUFENBUFUHEZHUNRUTIAOJIANDEJIZUHUIMIANLINGUANTINGDEFENGXIAN,WUFAZAICANYUJIAOYI。ERZAIJIAOYIJUECECENGMIAN,RUOSHIBAOJIABUDANG,JIUHENYOUKENENGHUIYINFAWUDIANKEGONGDEFENGXIAN。ERDUIYUDIANFEIHUISHOUZHEIYIHUANJIELAISHUO,TONGCHANGXUYAOZHIJIEHEYONGHUJINXINGJIESUAN,ZHEISHIHUIYOUYIBUFENYONGHUCHUXIANTUOQIANDIANFEIDEWENTI。ZAILVYUEFANGMIAN,ZEFADIANQIYEKENENGHUIYOUYUSHEBEIDENGFANGMIANDEYINSUDAOZHIWUFAANSHIZUEDIWEIYONGHUGONGDIAN,ZHEIJIUXUYAOCHENGDANXIANGYINGDECHUFA。

  3应对电力市场改革策略

盈多多彩票APP  3.1QUEDINGDIANLIGUIHUAJIANSHEFANGXIANG

  ZAIDIANLISHICHANGHUAGAIGEBEIJINGXIA,DIANLIQIYEYAOZUOHAOKAIFAZHANLVE,FANGBIANYINDAO、QUEDINGHESHISHIDIANLIGUIHUA,YIWOGUOJIBENGUOQINGZHIDINGDIANLIJIHUA。YOUCIKEJIAN,BIXUJIANGDIANLIYUSHEHUIDEGUANXI、DIANLIYUMEITANZIYUANDEGUANXI、DIANLIYUNENGYUANDEGUANXI、KEZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANYUMEITANZHIJIANDESONGDIANGUANXIMIQIEJIEHEQILAI。ZHEIJIUXUYAODIANLIQIYEJIEHEXIANJIEDUANDESHIJIQINGKUANG,JIANGZHUYILIFANGZAIDIANLIJIANSHEZHONG,MIQIEGUANZHUYINGXIANGQUANJUDEREDIAN、ZHONGDIANWENTI,LIRU:HEDIAN、TEGAOYADIANWANG、FENBUSHIFADIANDENG,QUEBAODIANLIJIANSHEXIEDIAOYOUXUKAIZHAN,JIANGDIANLIGUIHUADEZHIDAOZUOYONGZAIDIANLIJIANSHEZHONGNENGGOUCHONGFENFAHUICHULAI。

盈多多彩票APP  3.2TIGAODIANLIGUIHUASHUIPING

  DIANLISHICHANGHUAGAIGESHIDIANLIGUIHUAGONGZUOMIANLINZHEYIDINGDETIAOZHAN,ZHEIJIUYAOQIUDIANLIQIYEDIAOZHENGZHANLVESILU,ZHUANBIANCHUANTONGGUIHUAMOSHI,SHIQINENGGOUGENGHAODESHIYINGSHEHUIJIDIANLISHICHANGFAZHANDEXUQIU。JIANGDIANLIGUIHUAYUZHENGFUGUIHUAXIANGJIEHE,TONGGUOZHENGFUDELILIANGBAOHUDIANYUANCHANGZHI,HAIYINGYUTIELUBUMENZUOHAOTONGCHOUXIESHANGGONGZUO,SHIXIANZIYUANYOUHUAPEIZHI。BUTONGDIQUFAZHANGUIHUABUJINXIANGTONG,YINCIYIDINGYAOJIEHEBENQUYUNEIDESHIJIQINGKUANGGAIZHENGDIANLIGUIHUA,JIANLIXINXIGONGXIANGPINGTAI,YIMIANCHANSHENGGUIHUASHIWUWENTI。LIYONGXIANJINDEYUCEFA,DUIDIANLIGUIHUADEGEGEFANGMIANJINXINGYUCE,LIRUTOUZIFANGSHI、YUNYINGFANGSHI、JIANGUANFANGSHIDENG,TIGAODIANLIFUHEYUCESHUIPING,WEIDIANLIGUIHUAGONGZUODIANDINGJIANSHIJICHU。

盈多多彩票APP  3.3KONGZHICHENGBEN,WANSHANJINGYINGGUANLITIXI

  FADIANQIYEYAOZUODAONEIKONGCHENGBEN,SHIZHONGJIANCHISHENGCHANHEJINGYINGBINGZHONG。ZAIJUTISHIJIANCAOZUOZHONG,YAOSHULIMINGQUEDEJINGYINGZHIBIAOHESHENGCHANZHIBIAOLIANJIETIXI,DUIHEXINCHENGBENSHUJUZHANKAIKEXUEFENXI,SHIXIANQIYEJINGJIZHIBIAODEYITIHUAGUANLI。ZAICIJICHUSHANG,JIEZHUXIANGHUZUOYONG,GOUJIANQIFANKUIJIZHIHEJIANDUJIZHI,ZUIZHONGSHIXIANJINGJISHUNLIYUNZUODEQIYEGUANLIMUBIAO。[2]BIRU,ZAILIANGBUZHIJINGJIAMOSHIXIA,HUAZHONGDIANWANGNEIDEJINGJIAJIZUPINGJUNZAOJIAWEI4902YUANMEIQIANWA,QIZHONGHUODIANDEPINGJUNZAOJIAWEI3954YUANMEIQIANWA。GENJUSHIJISHANGWANGDIANLIANGBARONGLIANGDIANJIAZHESUANCHENGSHANGWANGDIANJIA,ZEHUODIANHUICONGRONGLIANGDIANFEIDANGZHONGHUOQUGENGDUOBUCHANG。KAIZHANDIANLIANGJIAGEJINGZHENGSHI,JIANGHUICHUXIANGENGDUOBAOJIAJUECEGONGYIXUANZE。

  3.4ZENGQIANGYINGXIAOGONGZUOYISHI,SHULIYINGXIAOXINLINIAN

  DIANLIQIYEYAOXIANGGENGHAOFAZHAN,BIXUZENGQIANGDUISHICHANGYINGXIAOGONGZUOYISHI,SHIZHIYUSHICHANGFAZHANXIANGSHIYING,SHULIYISHICHANG、YONGHUXUQIU、KEHUWEIZHONGXINDESANWEIYINGXIAOLINIAN,TISHENGXUQIUCEGUANLI,TISHENGFUWUYISHI,DIANLICHANPINYINCHAYIJIAOXIAO,YINCIWEIYOULEJIEYONGHUXUQIU、TISHENGYONGHUMANYIDUDESHICHANGTUOZHANCELVE,CAINENGWEIHUYUKEHUJIANZHANGQIHEZUOGUANXI。YINCIZAISHICHANGKAITUOZHONGYINGXIAORENYUANYAOZHUZHONGFUWUNENGLI,SHULIQIYEDELIANGHAOXINGXIANG,WEITISHENGQIYEZAISHICHANGZHONGDELIANGHAOXINYUTIGONGBAOZHANG。

  3.5DIANWANGGUIHUASHIXIANXITONGHUA、WANGLUOHUA

  XITONGHUAYAOQIUDIANLIXITONGLIYONGJISUANJIJISHUJIZIDONGHUAJISHUSHIXIANDUISHUJUDESHOUJI、CHULIGONGZUO,ZAIJIEHEZISHENXITONGHUAYUWANGLUOHUA,SHIXIANTUOZHANXINXIGUANLIGONGNENG,TIGAOXITONGBIANLIXINGJIZISHENXINGNENG。ERWANGLUOHUAZESHILIYONGTONGXINWANGLUOJIANGDIANWANGGUIHUAZHONGDEGONGNENGCONGJIERUCENGZHUANYIDAOGUANLICENGHEWANGLUOCENG,ZAIJIANGGUIHUACAIYANG、DIANNENGSHUJUXINXICHUANDIDAOXINXIGUANLIXITONGZHONG,ZUIHOUDUISHUJUJINXINGFENXIBINGTONGGUOSHUJUGONGXIANGGONGNENGSHIXIANDUIQUYUNEIDIANLIXINXIDEJIANKONG。CIWAI,ZHIDEZHUYIDESHIZAIJUTIYINGYONGZHONG,WEILESHIXINXIJIAOLIUGENGJIAYOUXIAO,TIGAOXINXICHULINENGLI,SHISHUJUGENGJIAZHUNQUE,GEGEBUMENJIUYAOCHEDILUOSHIDIANWANGGUIHUAWANGLUOHUAYUXITONGHUA,TIGAOGONGZUOXIAOLV,JIAQIANGYONGHUYUGONGDIANQIYEZHIJIANDEGOUTONG,JIANGDIANWANGGUIHUADEZUOYONGZHENZHENGFAHUICHULAI。

  3.6GOUJIANQUYUHUAGUANLIMOSHI,DAZAOYOUZHITUANDUI

盈多多彩票APP  MIANDUIDIANLISHICHANGHUAGAIGE,FADIANQIYEXUYAOZHONGDIANTIXIANCHUGUIMOXIAOYING,GOUJIANQUYUYITIHUAGUANLIMOSHI,RANGFADIANQIYE、FADIANJITUANYIJISHOUDIANGONGSISANWEIYITIDEGONGNENGDEYIQUANMIANFAHUICHULAI。YAOJIANGSHICHANGZUOWEIZHUDAOFANGXIANG,BAYONGHUDESHIJIXUQIUFANGZAISHOUYAOWEIZHI,JIANLIQUYUYITIHUADEYINGXIAOYUXIEDIAOJIZHI。TONGSHIBAQUYUZHONGJITUANSUOSHUDEFADIANQIYESHICHANGHUAJIAOYITONGCHOUQILAI,DADAOYINGXIAOHELIDEXIAOGUO,YICIZENGJIAQIYEDEZONGTIJINGZHENGLI。LINGWAI,YAOSHIYINGZHUBUSHENHUADEDIANLISHICHANGHUAGAIGE,HAIXUYAOCHONGFENKAOLVDAOZHANGXIEDIANLIANG、JICHUDIANLIANG、XIANHUOSHICHANGDENGGEGEFANGMIANDEWENTI,BINGHEDAYONGHU、SHOUDIANGONGSI、DIANWANGQIYEDENGZHANKAIJINGZHENGJIHEZUO。ZHEIJIUXUYAOFADIANQIYEDUIYINGXIAOTUANDUIJINXINGTUOSHANJIANSHE,CAIYONGDINGQIPEIXUNDENGFANGFA,ZENGQIANGRENCAICHUBEI,DAZAOCHUYIZHIYOUXIUDETUANDUI,YIBIANNENGGOUCHONGFENMANZUXINHUANJINGXIADIANLISHICHANGDEXUYAO。

  结束语

盈多多彩票APP  SUIZHEDIANLISHICHANGHUAGAIGEJIASU,DIANLIDESHANGPINSHUXINGYEYUELAIYUEMINGXIAN,DIANJIA、FAYONGDIANJIHUAYECONGZHENGFUGUANZHIXIANGSHICHANGGONGXUJUEDINGZHUANBIAN。ZHEIDUILIANGDADIANWANGHEZHENGFUXIANGGUANJIANGUANBUMENERYAN,DOUSHIBUXIAODETIAOZHAN,XUYAOJIJIYINGDUI。DIANLISHICHANGHUAGAIGEJIANGHUIDUIFADIANQIYECHANSHENGGEFANGMIANDEYINGXIANG,ERFADIANQIYEZAIJINGLILEZHEIYANGDEBIANGEZHIHOU,HUIYINGLAIXINDETIAOZHANYUGENGDADEFAZHANKONGJIAN。DUICI,QIYEXUYAODIAOZHENGZISHENDEJINGYINGMOSHI,KONGZHIHAOCHENGBEN,SHIXIANJIENENGGAIZAO,JIANLISHOUDIANGONGSI,CONGDUOGEFANGMIANZHESHOULAIYINGDEGENGDUOJINGJIXIAOYI。

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